This is IN THE NEWS in
VOA Special English.
Former Bosnian Serb
leader Radovan Karadzic is no longer on the run from international law.
Serbia's announcement of his arrest Monday in Belgrade came just days before
the thirteenth anniversary of the first charges against him.
He was at the top of the
most wanted list of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.
He faces charges of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity in the
Bosnian war. Also wanted are his military commander, Ratko Mladic, and former
Croatian Serb leader Goran Hadzic.
The United Nations
created the court in The Hague. Serbian officials say Radovan Karadzic could be
sent to the Netherlands on Monday at the earliest. His lawyers have appealed to
stop the move. Failing that, they say he wants to represent himself before the
The man who was called
the "Butcher of Bosnia" had been living in the Serbian capital. The
former psychiatrist was practicing new age medicine as a spiritual healer. He
used the name Dragan David Dabic. He grew a long white beard and wore glasses.
He even had a Web site.
He is charged in the
siege of Sarajevo. Almost four years of bullets, shellfire, disease and
starvation killed more than ten thousand people in the Bosnian capital.
He is also charged in
the deadliest single act against civilians in Europe since World War Two. Eight
thousand Muslim men and boys were killed in Srebrenica in nineteen ninety-five.
The United Nations had declared the Bosnian town a U.N.-protected "safe
Serb forces took
Srebrenica as part of a campaign that came to be known as ethnic cleansing.
The war in
Bosnia-Herzegovina began in nineteen ninety-two after Muslims and Croats
declared independence from Yugoslavia.
Many people in Sarajevo
celebrated the arrest of Radovan Karadzic, while some nationalist Serbs
demonstrated in Belgrade. But Serbia's newly elected government wants to join
the European Union. The surrender of war crimes suspects is a major condition
for Serbia to become a candidate for membership.
The capture came as
another court in The Hague considers seeking the arrest of Omar al-Bashir, the
president of Sudan.
The chief prosecutor for
the International Criminal Court, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, has requested an arrest
order. The Argentine lawyer wants to bring President Bashir to trial on charges
of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes in Darfur.
Nations estimates that as many as three hundred thousand people have died in
the conflict in western Sudan since two thousand three. Two and a half million
are living in camps for the displaced. Sudan's government says no more than ten
thousand people have been killed. The conflict involves rebels,
government forces and allied militias.
African Union and the Arab League want a delay in any charges against President
Bashir. China, which supplies arms to Sudan and buys its oil, warns that the
case could lead to more violence in Darfur.
that's IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English, written by Brianna Blake. I'm Steve