to AMERICAN MOSAIC in VOA Special English.
report about "staycations," vacations close to home ...
a question about American presidents after they leave office …
play music by Isaac Hayes, who died this week.
August is a popular time for Americans to go on their
summer vacations. But this year many Americans are not traveling very far. Many
people are deciding to take "staycations," vacations where you stay at home.
Barbara Klein tells us more.
summer, many Americans are feeling the effects of increased prices for many
things, including gasoline and airline tickets. The exchange rate of the dollar has also made international
travel much more costly for Americans. One smart way Americans are avoiding
such high costs is by taking vacations at home instead of driving or flying to
faraway places. Staycations make hotels,
long drives and airline flights unnecessary.
And, they provide a chance for people to enjoy activities in their
Americans consider their time at home like a real vacation. They pay their
bills and take care of housework ahead of time so they will be able to have
more fun. And they use local travel guides to find good information about
nearby places to visit.
cities in the United States have launched creative marketing campaigns to get
their citizens to have fun staying in town.
example, if you lived in Boston, Massachusetts, you might see three and a half
meter tall red pins placed near important cultural and historical places in the
city. These large structures can be found in places such as the Boston Common
and the New England Aquarium. The pins show Bostonians and visitors all the
interesting places to see in the city.
Diego, California, has a staycation campaign aimed at people who live within a
day's drive of the city. The San Diego visitors center has a Web site that
makes finding restaurants and events in the city easy. The Web site states that
nothing should stand in the way of a good vacation -- not even a slow economy.
City has a "Go Local" Web site that gives a list of free or low cost activities
around the city. For example, activities last weekend included an International
Yo-Yo convention and a food tour of the Harlem neighborhood.
course, not all Americans live in big cities.
Staycations also offer a chance to read, enjoy nature, go to the local
swimming pool, spend time with family and just rest. And that sounds like a nice vacation to us!
listener question this week comes from Cambodia. Sophosh Warng wants to know
what American presidents do when they leave office.
After a president serves two terms in office he or she may
not run for president again. However, a former president may stay in politics
as an elected member of Congress. For example, America's sixth president, John
Quincy Adams, served as a member of the House of Representatives after he left
office as president.
president, Andrew Johnson, was later elected to the Senate. A president may even become a Supreme Court judge. William Howard Taft became chief justice several years after completing
his term as president in nineteen thirteen.
It is more common for former presidents to publish books
about their experiences or speak to groups of people about many different
Wayne is an expert on the American presidency and the author of "The Road
to the White House." He said that presidents "make money, they raise
money, they write books and do other kinds of things like volunteer their
time." Mister Wayne said that former presidents want to "talk about their experience and use their position to tell
the next president and the government how to make it a better world."
Former president Jimmy Carter won the Nobel
Peace Prize for helping to solve issues related to human rights. He continues
to help build homes for poor people with the organization Habitat for Humanity.
Ppesident Bill Clinton leads a private foundation that carries out a number of
projects in developing countries. These
include H.I.V and AIDS treatment, poverty reduction, leadership development and
working toward racial, ethnic and religious understanding.
Former presidents also receive large amounts of money
each year called pensions. They receive almost two hundred thousand dollars
each year for the rest of their lives. They also receive money for travel,
supplies for their office and to pay the people who work for them.
songwriter and actor Isaac Hayes died last Sunday at his home in East Memphis,
Tennessee. Hayes' doctor said the
sixty-five-year-old musician died of a stroke. Katherine Cole tells about Isaac
Hayes and plays some of his music.
(MUSIC: "Theme from Shaft")
music comes from the nineteen seventy-one movie "Shaft." It earned composer
Isaac Hayes an Academy Award for Best Original Song. He also won two Grammy Awards for the movie's music.
Hayes was born in Covington, Tennessee in nineteen forty-two. His mother died young and his father left
when he was a child. Isaac's
grandparents raised him. He worked in cotton fields while growing up.
started singing in church when he was just five years old. He also taught himself to play piano and
started his career in the music industry in the nineteen sixties in
Memphis. He wrote the songs "Soul Man"
and "Hold On, I'm Coming" which became hits for the group Sam and Dave.
Hayes released the album "Hot Buttered Soul" in nineteen sixty-nine. It was one of his biggest hits. He included a version of the pop song "Walk
on By" on the record.
Hayes also loved to act. He performed
in more than thirty films. His last film was "Soul Men" which is to be released
in November. Hayes starred in that
movie with actor and comedian Bernie Mac. Sadly and strangely, Bernie Mac died
of lung sickness just the day before Isaac Hayes.
Hayes was admitted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in two thousand two. We leave you with the famed soul singer
performing "Never Can Say Goodbye."
Johnson. I hope you enjoyed our program
written by Dana Demange, Elizabeth Stern and Caty Weaver who was also the
producer. To read the text of this
program and download audio, go to our Web site, voaspecialenglish.com.
Join us again next week for AMERICAN MOSAIC, VOA's radio
magazine in Special English.