This is the VOA Special English Health Report.
A new study in the United States says
mental disorders appear to be common in college-age adults, but most do not
at the New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University in New York
City did the study. It appears this month in the Archives of General
study compared the mental health of college students to that of non-students
the same age. About half of Americans age eighteen to twenty-four attend
information used in the study came from five thousand college-age men and women.
They were questioned for a national survey between two thousand one and two
thousand two. About two thousand of them
were college students.
questioners were not doctors but trained interviewers. The questions were based
on symptoms listed in a book widely used by doctors to identify mental disorders.
researchers found that twenty percent of college students abused alcohol -- the
most common disorder in that group. Personality disorders, like obsessive
compulsive disorder, came next. The study says almost eighteen percent of
college students appeared to have a personality disorder. That was true of about
twenty-two percent of those not in college.
college students were also less likely to have a drug-use disorder, nicotine
dependence or bipolar disorder. And they were less likely to have used tobacco.
But their risk of alcohol disorders was greater.
National Institutes of Health and the American Foundation for Suicide
Prevention helped pay for the study.
Over all, the study found that almost
half of all the college-age individuals showed signs of at least one
psychiatric disorder. The researchers say this age group may be especially
sensitive to disorders because of the great pressures of entering adulthood. Yet
they say only one–fourth sought treatment.
Glenmullen is a psychiatrist at Harvard Medical School who believes that
psychiatric medications are overused. He told the Bloomberg news agency that
the finding of a psychiatric disorder in about half of those studied "seems
says it may represent what he called "a watering down of the diagnostic
criteria such that they capture more people with milder symptoms.'' What he is
saying is that more people may be told they have a mental disorder because the
definitions have been widened.
that's the VOA Special English Health Report. I'm Steve Ember.