is the VOA Special English Development Report.
experts predict that soon, more people will die from cancer than from AIDS,
tuberculosis and malaria combined. They expect that by two thousand ten, cancer
will become the world's leading cause of death.
disease is the current leading killer. A World Health Organization report made
the predictions in December.
say one reason more people are dying from cancer is because more people are smoking
cigarettes in developing countries. Forty percent of the world's smokers are
believed to live in China and India alone. Other things including high fat
diets and reduced physical activity are also believed to be pushing the numbers
Rates of breast cancer in Japan,
Singapore and South Korea are now three times what they were forty years ago.
W.H.O. report estimates that twelve million people will be found to have some
form of cancer this year. It predicts that more than seven million people will
die early as a result of cancer. And more than five million of the new cancer
cases will be in developing countries.
number of cancer cases and deaths from cancer are expected to increase one
percent each year. Experts are predicting the largest increases will be in
China, Russia, and India.
Without new treatments,
the W.H.O. says, the number of new cancer patients could reach twenty-seven
million a year by two thousand thirty. The number of deaths could reach
seventeen million a year.
A separate report in
December said the number of men and women dying of cancer in the United States
had dropped for the first time on record. The report in the Journal of the
National Cancer Institute said the drop was mainly the result of fewer cases of
lung, prostate and colorectal cancer in men. In women, it resulted from fewer
cases of breast and colorectal cancer.
American Cancer Society says governments can do things to help prevent the
increase in cancer cases and deaths. One idea is to provide poor and developing
nations with vaccines that help to prevent some cancer-causing infections. One
example of a cancer-causing infection is human papillomavirus. This virus can
cause cervical cancer in women.
suggestion is more support for tobacco-control programs. And the cancer society
says health officials and governments should invest more in cancer research and
And that's the VOA Special
English Development Report, written by Brianna Blake. I'm Steve Ember.