This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.
in ancient times, people liked to eat lettuce.
Egyptians and Romans served the green, leafy vegetable at the end of
people in some countries start the meal with lettuce as part of a salad. There
are hundreds of kinds of lettuce. The main ones include head lettuce, such as iceberg,
leaf lettuce, Boston, bibb and romaine.
Experts say lettuce is one of the easiest crops to grow
in your garden. The best time to plant
the seeds is during cool weather. The University
of Illinois Extension advises that the best planting temperature is fifteen
seeds are small, so do not place them too deep in the ground. If you plant some seeds every week or two,
you will have crops ready to eat one after another.
start the seeds inside, you can use a seed tray in your home or other shelter. This container should be deep enough to hold at
least three centimeters of soil or more. There should be about one centimeter of space between the soil and the top
of the container. The container should have holes in the bottom so the extra
water can flow out.
the seeds over the surface and cover them lightly with soil. If the soil is not already a little wet, give
it some water. But do not drown the
cover the seed tray with paper. When the
seedlings have come up far enough to touch the paper, take it off. You can transplant the seedlings into the
garden when they are about two to three centimeters tall. Do this when the
weather is not too hot and not too cold.
Take out as much soil
as you can with the seedlings. Then dig
a hole in the ground bigger than the lettuce roots. Water
the plants but not too heavily.
Harvest leaf lettuces
when the leaves are big enough to eat. Pull
the leaves from the outside of the planting so the inside leaves will keep
growing. Or, you can cut off the whole
plant. Leave about two or three
centimeters above the ground so the plant will re-grow. Cut off head lettuces at ground level.
Lettuce is best when
served fresh, so make a salad and enjoy. Store the unused part in the refrigerator in a plastic bag. It will last at least a few days, sometimes
And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report,
written by Jerilyn Watson. You can find transcripts, MP3s and podcasts of our
reports at voaspecialenglish.com. I'm Steve Ember.