Welcome to AMERICAN MOSAIC in VOA Special English.
I'm Mario Ritter.
This week on our program, we play some new
music from the Dave Matthews Band ...
answer a question about the term “yellow journalism” ...
first, we report on a Web site for art lovers.
ArtBabble.org is a Web site filled with hundreds of
videos about art, artists and museums. It permits viewers to experience the
life of museums in many different forms. Museums and galleries from around the
United States have placed their videos on this Web site to help connect viewers
with the world of art. Barbara Klein has
JACOB LAWRENCE: "If everything was stripped away from
me, and I had no other support that I could see or appreciate, I would still
paint. I would still be doing that."
That was a video about the African-American artist
Jacob Lawrence made by the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
is one of many videos on ArtBabble. As you watch a video on this Web site, a
list of other videos appears nearby. The list is a suggestion of videos related
to the one you are watching.
describes itself as a place where everyone is invited to join the discussion.
You do not have to have a college degree in art. ArtBabble was created by the
Indianapolis Museum of Art in Indiana. This museum invited other art
organizations to add videos to the site. They include the New York Public
Library, the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington, D.C., and the San
Francisco Museum of Modern Art. Until now, you could see art videos on museums’
Web sites or on YouTube. But there was no Web site that was only about art
can see videos about modern artists like Jenny Holzer.
JENNY HOLZER: "My work might be like theater in that I
hope there’s an audience. There’s a reason I’m anonymous in my work. I like to
be absolutely out of view and out of earshot."
you can see how experts place art in a museum exhibit.
video by the Art Institute of Chicago shows a group of workers very carefully
moving and hanging a huge painting by the French artist Henri Matisse.
shows a museum guard answering the hundreds of questions he receives every day
from visitors. One page of the Web site lists videos by subject. They include
Chinese, art, graphic design, sculpture and photography.
One expert at the Art Institute of Chicago
described ArtBabble as a giant leap forward for museums and for Web users. He
said it offers a modern new way to share high quality videos with a large group
of people interested in art.
Our listener question this week comes from Jenny Meng
in China. She wants to know the meaning
of the term "yellow journalism."
terms "yellow journalism" and "yellow press" are not used much anymore.
They mean a kind of news reporting that uses
an emotional style and personal opinion. Yellow newspapers also used a lot of
pictures and included things like reduced price coupons for theater and rail
tickets. There also were games, prize puzzles and lots of advertisements.
Sometimes, yellow newspapers would also make up
exciting news stories and false interviews to increase sales.
term yellow journalism started in the late eighteen nineties. A fierce media war was going on between two
major newspaper publishers in New York. One was Joseph Pulitzer who owned the New York World. The other,
William Randolph Hearst, owned the New York Journal.
Joseph Pulitzer’s paper had a longer history than
Mister Hearst’s. William Randolph Hearst
wanted his newspaper to be as popular. He began to take reporters and editors from the New York World to work
for his paper. Mister Hearst also took a
cartoonist from Mister Pulitzer’s paper. R.F. Outcault drew "Hogan’s Alley," a well loved cartoon with a
character dressed in yellow and called “the yellow kid.”
Joseph Pulitzer hired another cartoonist and told him
to begin drawing another yellow kid. The
media war between Hearst and Pulitzer became a fight between the "yellow kids."
As a result, that style of news reporting came to be called yellow
journalism. Historians say the yellow press was so
powerful it helped push the United States into war with Spain in eighteen
Joseph Campbell is a communications professor at American University in
Washington, D.C. He has written four
books about journalism, including "Yellow Journalism: Puncturing the Myths,
Defining the Legacies." Mister Campbell writes that William Randolph Hearst did
not think that reporters should be neutral. He believed in a so-called journalism of action. The publisher thought
the press had a duty to place itself into stories to right wrongs where it
Mister Campbell says the most
dramatic example of this was the freeing of a Cuban political prisoner. Mister
Hearst sent a reporter to Cuba in eighteen ninety-seven to secretly rescue
nineteen-year-old Evangelina Cisneros from a prison in Havana. The plan worked and it was big news for the New York Journal.
Dave Matthews Band
The Dave Matthews Band returns with their first CD since
the death of band member LeRoi Moore. The saxophonist died a year ago in a vehicle accident at the age of
forty-six. LeRoi Moore was one of the
founding members of the band. The new
CD, "Big Whiskey and the GrooGrux King," is named in his honor. And it opens with the sound of his sax. June Simms has more.
is the opening track on the Dave Matthews Band’s new CD. It is the band’s seventh studio album and the
first without LeRoi Moore whom they called "GrooGrux King." He took part in the early recording sessions
for the album. But, most of the album
was recorded after his death.
The South African born Dave Mattews is the driving force behind
the band. Carter Beauford plays drums. Stefan Lessard plays bass. Boyd Tinsley plays the violin. Matthews put all the pieces of the band
together like a well designed puzzle. Now with LeRoi Moore gone, a piece of the
puzzle is missing.
Moore’s sax work can
be heard on this song, "Lying in the Hands of God."
Whiskey and the GrooGrux King" is the band’s fifth album to enter the Billboard
Magazine’s album chart at number one. Dave Matthews told Billboard that if this is the last album he ever
makes, he hopes it is the only album that people listen to.
We leave you with the album’s first single, "Funny the Way It Is."
I'm Mario Ritter. I hope you enjoyed our program.
It was written by Dana Demange, June Simms and Caty
Weaver, who was also our producer. For transcripts, MP3s and podcasts of our
programs, go to voaspecialenglish.com. You can also comment on our programs and
send us questions.
Join us again next week for AMERICAN
MOSAIC, VOA’s radio magazine in Special English.