This is the
VOA Special English Development Report.
week, the United Nations held a World Summit on Food Security. But the
three-day meeting in Rome produced only limited measures to fight rising
hunger. The U.N. World Food Program says more than a billion people -- one in
six worldwide -- do not get enough food to be healthy.
troubled world economy is not the only cause of recent increases. The poorest
countries continue to face high food prices, which have fallen elsewhere. The U.N.
Food and Agriculture Organization says more than thirty nations continue to
need emergency food assistance.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said the food crisis has forced millions of families into
poverty and hunger. He said six million children die of hunger every year. And
he warned that food security is closely connected to the issue of climate
KI-MOON: "At a time when the global population is growing, our global
climate is changing. By twenty fifty we will need to grow seventy percent more
food. Yet weather is becoming more extreme and unpredictable."
delegates in Rome promised to continue efforts to reduce by half the number of
hungry people by two thousand fifteen. But critics pointed out that world
leaders made a similar promise more than ten years ago.
promised to increase aid for agriculture, to help developing nations become
deplored a lack of greater action. Leaders from more than sixty countries were
in Rome. But Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi was the only leader from a
major industrial nation in the Group of Eight. An official from Kenya, Adam
Barre Duale, said it showed a lack of unity in the fight against hunger.
DUALE: "We need both the developed world and the developing countries to
come together and to give and support a global initiative in the war against
The Food and Agriculture Organization says more than
forty billion dollars a year needs to be invested in agriculture to defeat world
hunger. The growing problem has affected developing countries, but also
government estimates that forty-nine million people in the United States were
"food insecure" last year. That means their households, at some time
during the year, had difficulty providing enough food for all members because
of a lack of resources. Almost fifteen percent of all households were in that
situation. And the Agriculture Department says the numbers may be even higher
that's the VOA Special English Development Report, written by June Simms. I'm Steve Ember.