July Fourth is America's most important national holiday: Independence Day. Americans will celebrate the anniversary of their declaration of independence from Britain in seventeen-seventy-six. I'm Mary Tillotson.
And I'm Steve Ember. In honor of this holiday, we present songs that celebrate America on the VOA Special English program, THIS IS AMERICA.
((MUSIC: STARS AND STRIPES FOREVER))
Americans celebrate the Fourth of July with family gatherings, parades, speeches and fireworks. They also celebrate with patriotic music.The official song of the United States is "The Star-Spangled Banner." Francis Scott Key wrote the words in eighteen-fourteen.
At that time, America and Britain were at war. Francis Scott Key watched as British forces attacked Fort McHenry in Baltimore, Maryland. Through the smoke and fire, he could see a huge American flag flying over the army base.
The next morning, after the battle, he looked to see which flag flew over Fort McHenry. It would tell which side had won. Key saw that the American flag still flew. He wrote a poem re-creating the event. Soon after, music was added to his words. The United States Congress made "The Star-Spangled Banner" the national song in nineteen-thirty-one.
Americans sing it at the beginning of many public meetings and sports events. Here is America’s national song, performed by Faith Hill.
Some people say "The Star-Spangled Banner" is difficult to sing. Others do not like the words. Some people have suggested that the United States change its national song. They say many other songs that celebrate America would be better.
One of these is called "America." It is also known as "My Country 'Tis of Thee." Samuel Smith wrote it in Eighteen-Thirty-Two. The music is the same as the British national song, "God Save the Queen."
The Southwestern Christian College Chorus sings “America.”
Some people think "America the Beautiful" is one of the best songs that celebrates America. Katherine Lee Bates wrote the words in eighteen-ninety-three. Samuel Ward wrote the music. Many singers and groups have recorded "America the Beautiful."
Ray Charles sings his version.
((AMERICA THE BEAUTIFUL))
Many people think "God Bless America" is the best song that celebrates America. Irving Berlin wrote it in nineteen-seventeen. It became popular twenty years later when Kate Smith sang it on a national radio broadcast. Listen now to the young voices of the American Boychoir as they perform “God Bless America.”
((GOD BLESS AMERICA))
Other people would like America's national song to be "This Land is Your Land." Woody Guthrie wrote the words in nineteen-forty. It became one of the most popular folk songs in America.
Pete Seeger and the Weavers sing "This Land is Your Land."
((THIS LAND IS YOUR LAND))
Years ago, Lee Greenwood recorded a song called “God Bless the U.S.A.” This song has gained new meaning and popularity since the terrorist attacks on the United States, September eleventh, two-thousand-one.
Listen as Lee Greenwood sings “God Bless the U.S.A.”
((GOD BLESS THE U.S.A))
This program was written by Jerilyn Watson. It was produced by Caty Weaver. Our studio engineer was Keith Holmes. I'm Mary Tillotson.
And I'm Steve Ember. Join us again next week for another report about life in the United States on the VOA Special English program THIS IS AMERICA.
((STARS AND STRIPES FOREVER))