This spring marks the 400th anniversary of the death of British playwright William Shakespeare. His plays have had a major influence on the world’s literature and drama. That influence is shown in a new exhibit at Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington, DC.
Shakespeare was born in 1564 in the small town of Stratford-upon-Avon, about 160 kilometers from London.
People all around the world still read his plays. His works have been translated into hundreds of languages.
Georgianna Ziegler organized the exhibit at the library. She explained that immigrants to America brought Shakespeare’s writings with them to their new home. One of the pieces in the exhibit is a list of the books one immigrant brought with him.
“He came over to this country around 1650 and he brought with him a copy of Shakespeare’s Second Folio and that is one of the earliest references to a Shakespeare edition actually coming into the New World. People had Shakespeare in their houses when they crossed the country as they moved West with the Gold Rush and so on. They often had a copy of the Bible and of Shakespeare.”
The exhibit shows portraits, photos, videos and costumes of famous actors who have played Shakespearean characters. The exhibit also has copies of his works published in different languages.
The exhibit even has the first edition of Shakespeare’s works. It is called the “First Folio.’” It is a collection of 36 of his plays, including “Hamlet,” “Twelfth Night” and “The Tempest.”
Experts believe Shakespeare became interested in theater when he was a young man. He decided to try acting in London. They say this experience helped him improve his plays. Experts say that by the time Shakespeare was 30 years old, his plays were being produced.
Ziegler said that people like Shakespeare’s plays because the characters in them show real human emotions.
“There’s something basically human about Hamlet, who has problems -- he’s a student and has problems making up his mind. Romeo and Juliet, who are young lovers and they don’t quite know how to get ahead with their lives. And they disagree with their parents. There are all these stories that Shakespeare tells and creates these individuals who, when you take them out of the Renaissance period, really speak to almost any time and place.”
Shakespeare earned a lot of money from his works. He became a land owner and one of the owners of the Globe Theater. A copy of the theatre has been built in London.
Four hundred years after he died, his plays are still performed in theaters all over the world -- more than those of any other playwright.
I’m Ashley Thompson.
VOA Correspondent Vadim Allen reported this story from Washington. Christopher Jones-Cruise adapted the report for Learning English. Ashley Thompson was the editor.
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Words in This Story
playwright – n. a person who writes plays
translate – v. to change words from one language into another language
reference – n. the act of mentioning something in speech or in writing; the act of referring to something or someone
Gold Rush – n. a situation in which many people go quickly to a place where gold has been discovered because they hope to find more gold and become rich; there was a gold rush in California in the mid 1800s
portrait – n. a painting, drawing, or photograph of a person that usually only includes the person’s head and shoulders
costume – n. the clothes that are worn by someone (such as an actor) who is trying to look like a different person or thing
character – n. a person who appears in a story, book, play, movie or television show
works – n. something (such as a book, song, or painting) that is produced by a writer, musician, artist, etc.
edition – adj. a particular version of a product
make up your mind – expression decide
Renaissance period – n. the period of European history between the 14th and 17th centuries when there was a new interest in science and in ancient art and literature -- especially in Italy
speak to – expression are relevant to; are an example of