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Ebola Outbreak Also Harms Economies


People buy food at a local market in Monrovia, Liberia. The area had been closed off in August because of the Ebola outbreak.

People buy food at a local market in Monrovia, Liberia. The area had been closed off in August because of the Ebola outbreak.

The World Bank Group is warning that the West Africa Ebola crisis could severely harm the economies of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone unless action is taken quickly. World Bank president Jim Yong Kim spoke to reporters recently to discuss the effects of the Ebola spread.

“Our findings indicate that if the virus continues to spread the economic cost to these countries could grow eight-fold by 2015. This would deal a potentially catastrophic blow to their already fragile economies.”

Mr. Kim says saving lives and preventing new infections is most important. The bank has released $117 million for an “immediate humanitarian response.”

The World Bank president says the SARS outbreak between 2002 and 2004 showed how a disease could damage economies. Eight hundred people died from SARS and the economic losses were estimated to be $40 billion.

World Bank President Jim Yong Kim

World Bank President Jim Yong Kim

Mr. Kim says SARS and the H1N1 outbreak of 2009 taught that fear and avoidance resulted in about 90 percent of the economic losses. That means the disease is causing two levels of economic damage.

“The fear of contagion has helped fuel an economic crisis in the Ebola crisis as well. There are two kinds of contagion. One is related to the virus itself and the second is related to the spread of fear about the virus.”

The World Bank predicts the losses to the economies of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea will be a combined $360 million.

Mr. Kim says losses could be limited to about $97 million next year with quick action to contain the virus. However, if there is not what he calls “an immediate massive effort” losses could reach $800 million in 2015.

The World Bank’s research includes only Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone. But early estimates show that losses could reach billions of dollars if the Ebola virus spreads widely to other African nations.

Mr. Kim says fast action is necessary. He says getting the disease under control is still far away. That is because there are not enough health care workers in the affected areas. The World Bank president says the most important issue is to act quickly in order to limit economic losses.

“However many cases there are right now, if we get an effective response on the ground in the next few months, we can really blunt the vast majority - 80 to 90-percent - of the economic impact.”

There is no cure or vaccine for Ebola. However, Mr. Kim says an effective effort could also sharply reduce the high death rate of about 53 percent for Ebola infections. He says the effort only needs “more people, more money, more attention and more commitment.”

I’m Mario Ritter.

Joe DeCapua reported this story from Washington. Mario Ritter adapted it for Learning English. Caty Weaver edited the story.

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Words In This Story

severely - adv. not gentle; in an extreme state

potentially - adv. able to become real; possibly

estimated - adj. guessed at; a formed opinion about value size or amount based on less than complete information

limited - adj. a restricted number or amount

affected - adj. having produced an effect on, or having influenced

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