July 23, 2014 13:49 UTC

People in America

Martha Graham, 1894-1991: The Mother of Modern Dance

Dancer Fang-Yi Sheu from Taiwan, in white dress, performs sketches from "Chronicle" in Cologne, Germany, in July 2006 at the start of a European tour by the Martha Graham Dance Company

08/27/2012
She created almost 200 dances and made modern dance popular in the United States | PEOPLE IN AMERICA More

Eleanor Roosevelt, 1884-1962: She Was the Most Influential Wife of Any American President

She fought for equal rights for all people -- workers, women, poor people, black people. And she sought peace among nations | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Fred Astaire, 1899-1987: Dancer, Actor, Singer

Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers made nine movies together that people still enjoy today | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Stephen Foster, 1826-1864: America's First Popular Songwriter

Foster wrote songs like "Oh! Susanna," "Camptown Races" and "My Old Kentucky Home" | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Bella Abzug, 1920-1998: Activist for Women’s Rights

She represented New York City in Congress during the 1970's and was an activist against American involvement in the war in Vietnam | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

How Johnny Appleseed Grew Into a Folk Hero

John Chapman planted apple trees across the American frontier nearly 200 years ago | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

'Buffalo Bill' Cody, 1846-1917: He Represented the Spirit and Tradition of the American West

He created Wild West shows that people around the world enjoyed for more than 30 years | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Gwendolyn Brooks, 1917-2000: First African-American to Win a Pulitzer Prize for Literature

Gwendolyn Brooks wrote hundreds of poems. She used poetry to increase understanding about black culture in America | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Truman Capote, 1924-1984: Created the Nonfiction Novel With 'In Cold Blood'

The author was famous not just for his writing, but also for his wild personality | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Lucille Ball, 1911-1989: Funniest Woman on TV

She launched the situation comedy with her series "I Love Lucy" in the 1950s | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Artie Shaw, 1910-2004: Last Great Musician of the Big Band Era

“Stardust” was one of his most famous hits | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Julia Ward Howe, 1819-1910: Anti-Slavery Activist Wrote 'Battle Hymn of the Republic'

Her poem became the official marching song of Union troops fighting the Confederacy in the Civil War | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

George Abbott, 1887-1995: 'Mister Broadway'

George Abbott wrote, directed, produced and acted in plays. He was involved in more than 120 productions | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Beverly Sills, 1929-2007: A Beautiful Voice for Opera and the Arts

Sills was the “Queen of American Opera.” She also led three major performing arts centers in New York City | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Chief Joseph, 1840-1904: A Hero of Freedom for Native Americans, Part 2

Part two of a story about a great Nez Perce Indian chief | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Chief Joseph, 1840-1904: A Great Nez Perce Indian Chief

He was a hero of freedom for Native Americans | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Margaret Sanger, 1883-1966: A Leader of the Birth Control Movement

She believed that a safe and sure method of preventing pregnancy was necessary for women’s freedom. | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Nat King Cole, 1919-1965: One of America’s Most Popular Singers

He recorded hundreds of songs, including “When I Fall in Love,” and “Mona Lisa” | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

John Wesley Powell, 1834-1902: Famous Explorer of the American West

He was also a scientist, land reformer, and supporter of native American rights | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

Wilma Rudolph, 1940-1994: 'The Fastest Woman in the World'

She was the first American woman to win three gold medals in one Olympics | PEOPLE IN AMERICA

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