April 25, 2015 06:32 UTC

Home

#6 - How Did Hollywood Become Hollywood? - 2004-10-13

Hollywood is the center of America's movie industry. It is part of the city of Los Angeles, in the western state of California.

In eighteen-eighty-seven, a man named Harvey Wilcox decided to sell some farmland he owned near Los Angeles. He hoped builders would put up houses there. Harvey's wife thought the name Hollywood would be nice for the new housing development. She liked the sound of the word, although no holly trees grow in California.

At first, Hollywood was just a little town surrounded by orange trees and farms. But new technology would change it forever.

Inventors in the United States and Europe had become interested in the idea of making pictures that moved. Thomas Edison's company showed the first moving picture machine in eighteen-ninety-three. Two years later, the Lumiere brothers of France showed the first simple moving picture in Paris.

American businessmen and artists hurried to explore the possibilities of the new technology. No one, however, suspected that movies would become the most popular kind of art in history.

Soon, theaters around the United States began showing short movies. In nineteen-oh-nine, some of the largest American movie-making companies joined together. They legally stopped other companies from using the new technology. So, independent movie producers moved away from the Atlantic coast, the center of movie-making at that time.

Independent movie producers wanted to go where eastern lawyers would not make trouble for them. They also wanted to go where there was warm weather and sunshine throughout the year. Hollywood was perfect.

The Nestor Company built the first movie studio in Hollywood in nineteen-eleven. Two years later, Cecil B. Demille produced the first long, serious movie in Hollywood. It was called "The Squaw Man."

Director D. W. Griffith also arrived in Hollywood in those early years. He created new ways of using a camera to tell a story through moving pictures.

Soon, the quiet community of farms and orange trees had changed. By the nineteen-twenties, Hollywood had become the movie capital of the world.

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Learn with The News

  • Migrants Are Dying Trying to Reach Europe

    EU leaders met this week to discuss ways to stop criminals from putting the migrants on unsafe boats. Ships carrying migrants have sunk in the Mediterranean, killing hundreds. They are fleeing conflict and hardship in Africa, the Middle East and South Asia. More

  • Video More US Students Learning Korean

    More US students are learning Korean. Why the increase? Experts say one reason is the popularity of K-pop music and Korean videos. Another is the number of young Korean-Americans who want to learn about their culture and speak to older family members who do not speak English. More

  • Audio Sierra Leone Dog Population Rising Because of Ebola Crisis

    The Ebola crisis in Sierra Leone has led to growing concern about another disease: rabies from wild dogs. Many owners fear their dogs could infect them with Ebola, so they have freed the animals. As a result, the stray dog population and number of rabies cases are increasing. More

  • Audio US, Italian Hostages Killed in Anti-Terrorism Operation

    European Union leaders are considering a plan to fix Europe’s migrant shipwreck crisis. Over 800 was killed in the shipwreck last weekend. Loretta Lynch confirmed as next US attorney general. She will be the first black woman to hold the position. | In the News More

  • Audio Facebook Has More Users than Population of China

    The social network Facebook reported that it now has 1.44 billion monthly active users (MAU) worldwide. That is 50 million more users than the population of China and over 188 million more than India’s population. Facebook also reported that 75 percent of its users access the site via mobile device More

Featured Stories

  • Video Monkeys Rule the Ruins in Disney Documentary

    The new Disneynature film “Monkey Kingdom” centers on a troop of tocque macaques that live in a special place in Sri Lanka. The animals live under a strict social order. New mother Maya is low on that order and struggles for survival with her newborn, Kip. Danger and drama define their existence. More

  • Video Benito Cereno by Herman Melville, Part Three

    Today we complete the story of Benito Cereno, written by Herman Melville. As we told you in earlier parts of our story, rebel slaves seized the ship San Dominick off the coast of Chile. They killed many of its officers and crew. The captain, Benito Cereno, was ordered to sail to Senegal. But... More

  • Video Looking to Webb Telescope on Hubble 25th Anniversary

    The Hubble Space Telescope has been orbiting the Earth since 1990. Hubble has provided amazing pictures of space over the past 25 years. But as NASA officials mark the anniversary, work on the new James Webb Space Telescope continues. More

  • Audio April 23 Is English Language Day

    Happy English Language Day! English Language Day is celebrated each year on April 23 – the date when tradition says William Shakespeare was born. Shakespeare has been called the greatest writer in the English language. His plays continue to be published, performed in theaters and movies. More

  • Fans listen to David Guetta at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival in Indio, California April 12, 2015. REUTERS/Lucy Nicholson - RTR4X3P8

    Audio One Billion Young People Risk Hearing Loss From Loud Music

    One billion teenagers and young adults around the world risk losing their hearing by listening to loud music. This is according to the World Health Organization. The U.N. agency is asking young people to turn down the volume to prevent losing their hearing. More

Practice Your Writing

Confessions of an English Learner blog
Confessions of an English Learner blog

 

 

 

Tell us About Our Programs