Now, the VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories.
Baseball is America’s national sport. So it is not unusual that many popular
expressions come from baseball. But first, let me explain a little about the
Each baseball team has nine players. The pitcher of one team throws the ball
to a batter from the other team. The batter attempts to hit the ball. If he
misses, it is called a strike. If a batter gets three strikes, he loses his
turn at bat and is called out. The batter also is out if he hits the ball in
the air and an opposing player catches it. But if the batter hits the ball and
it is not caught, the batter tries to run to one or more of the four bases on
the field. The batter can run to all four bases if he hits the ball over the
fence or out of the ballpark. Such a hit is called a home run.
Now, here are some common expressions from baseball. Someone who is on
the ball is intelligent and able to do a good job. But a person who threw
a curve ball did something unexpected. Someone who steps up to the plate
is ready to do his or her job. A pinch hitter takes the place
of someone else at a job or activity.
A person who strikes out or goes down swinging attempted
something but failed. We also might tell the person that three strikes and
you are out. But someone who hit a home run or hit it out
of the park did something extremely well.
Sometimes I have to give information quickly, without time to think it over.
Then I would say something right off the bat. If someone is doing an
extremely good job and is very successful, you might say he or she is batting
If I say I want to touch base with you, I will talk to you from time
to time about something we plan to do. I might say I touched all the
bases if I did what is necessary to complete a job or activity. And if I
covered my bases I was well prepared. However, someone who is way off
base did something wrong or maybe even dishonest or immoral. A person with
strange ideas might be described as out in left field.
Let us say I want to sell my car but I do not know exactly how much it is
worth. If someone asks me the price, I might give a ballpark figure or
a ballpark estimate.
If someone offers me an amount that is close to my selling price, I might say
the amount is in the ballpark. However, if I say we are not in the
same ballpark, I mean we cannot agree because my ideas are too different
Finally, when a situation changes completely, we say that is a whole new
This VOA Special English program, WORDS AND THEIR STORIES, was written by
Shelley Gollust. I’m Faith Lapidus.