The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.
10:45 PM - 11:00 PM December 18, 2014
7:14 PM - 7:18 PM December 17, 2014
3:06 PM - 3:11 PM December 17, 2014
10:45 PM - 11:00 PM December 11, 2014
7:10 PM - 7:16 PM December 11, 2014
5:50 PM - 5:56 PM December 10, 2014
10:45 PM - 11:00 PM December 04, 2014
3:26 PM - 3:32 PM December 03, 2014
10:45 PM - 11:00 PM November 27, 2014
2:08 PM - 2:14 PM November 24, 2014
10:45 PM - 11:00 PM November 20, 2014
8:31 PM - 8:38 PM November 17, 2014
10:45 PM - 11:00 PM November 13, 2014
8:59 PM - 9:05 PM November 07, 2014
10:45 PM - 11:00 PM November 06, 2014
4:47 PM - 4:53 PM November 05, 2014
10:45 PM - 11:00 PM October 30, 2014
5:45 PM - 5:50 PM October 30, 2014
10:45 PM - 11:00 PM October 23, 2014
4:58 PM - 5:04 PM October 22, 2014
On Friday, April 14, 1865, Lincoln was enjoying a play at the Ford's Theater when a man came from behind and shot him. To millions of Americans, Abraham Lincoln's death was a personal loss. They had come to think of him as more than the President of the United States. He was a trusted friend.
General Robert E. Lee’s military skill and intelligence helped extend the war between the states. But even his skill could not save the South from the industrial power of the North and its mighty armies -- armies that were better-fed and better-equipped. On Sunday, August 9, Lee surrendered.
Lincoln hated the Civil War. But he would not end it until military victory ended slavery and guaranteed political union. When Union troops captured Atlanta, the last remaining industrial cities of the South.The people of the North began to understand their side was winning the war.
In late 1864, Union General William Sherman brought a form of total warfare to the American South. He aimed to limit the South’s ability to fight and wanted to show the people of the Confederacy that their government could not protect them. His victory damaged the spirit of the South.
After Northern forces defeated Southern troops at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and Vicksburg, Mississippi, General Ulysses Grant decided to hit the Confederates with the full force of the Union armies. The fight did not go as he expected. But General Grant was resolved to defeat the Confederates.
On November 19, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln said no one would remember his speech at a battlefield cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. But Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address remains one of the most important speeches in U.S. history. | The Making of a Nation
In the summer of 1863, Confederate General Robert E. Lee led his troops into northern territory. He faced the army of Union General George Meade in central Pennsylvania. The Battle of Gettsyburg was one of the most important fights in the war. Historians believe the battle ended the South's hopes.
By the summer of 1862, President Lincoln was losing support for the nation’s bloody civil war. People in the north were tired of fighting to save the Union. In time, however, Lincoln recognized another reason to fight: to free slaves in the South. This changed the very nature of the Civil War.
Lincoln named George Pope to lead the Army of Virginia. He wanted to join Pope’s forces with the Army of the Potomac and break through Confederate defenses around Richmond. But General Robert E. Lee decided to hit Pope first. Lee then decided to carry the war to the North.
The American Civil War was fought not only on land, but at sea. In 1862, Confederate and Union forces fought a new kind of navy battle in waters off Hampton Roads, Virginia. It was the first battle between iron ships. On the Confederate side was a ship called the Virginia. | The Making of a Nation
The North and South clashed in a series of battles called the Seven Days Campaign. The struggle saved the Confederacy but came at a terrible price. But victory came at a terrible price. Twenty thousand Confederate soldiers were killed or wounded. The Civil War was becoming more costly.
Ulysses Grant won the greatest Union victory since the start of the Civil War. At first the North celebrated the news of its victory. But the public quickly became angry when they learned of the heavy losses. People blamed General Grant. They demanded President Abraham Lincoln dismiss him.
Generations of schoolchildren have been taught that Christopher Columbus discovered the New World. In fact, the second Monday in October is celebrated as a national holiday, Columbus Day, to honor the European explorer.
Many northerners wanted Union forces to seize the new Confederate capital and quickly end the rebellion. Pro-Union newspapers urged, "On to Richmond!" But the North soon learned it needed a better trained army to fight the Confederacy.
Lincoln famously wrote in September 1861, "I think to lose Kentucky is nearly the same as to lose the whole game."
President Abraham Lincoln asked the states for 75,000 soldiers to stop the South's rebellion. But border states -- those between the North and South -- refused to send any troops. And some prepared to leave the Union and join the Confederacy.
On April 12, 1861, Confederate forces in South Carolina shelled a Union base that President Abraham Lincoln refused to surrender.
The Confederate States of America wrote a constitution that gave more power to the states and protected slavery.
Abraham Lincoln entered office facing the most serious crisis in American history.
Democrat Stephen Douglas was seeking re-election as a U.S. senator from Illinois. His opponent was a lawyer from the new Republican Party, Abraham Lincoln. | The Making of a Nation
Christmas is the most widely celebrated religious holiday in the United States. In Christianity, the day honors the birth of Jesus. Peace and harmony is the spiritual message of Christmas. But many Americans will celebrate Christmas as an important, but non-religious, holiday. More
Oil prices are falling; Russian economy is shrinking while US economy is recovering; China is buying landmark hotel; and Uber's problems are among the stories on our list for this year. But we also want to hear from you. More
For years, robots have helped doctors perform operations with greater safety, speed and exactness than by using hand-controlled instruments. Now, one such machine reduces the time it takes to make dental crowns. This procedure can repair a damaged tooth in just about two hours. More
The American idea of Santa Claus largely comes from a poem called "A Visit from St. Nicholas". Clement Clarke Moore wrote the poem in 1822, but he did not put his name on it. Some call it the most famous poem ever written by an American. The poem was "'Twas the Night Before Christmas." More
The Ebola outbreak that began in 2014 is very different than all that came before.This time, Ebola is sickening thousands of people in West Africa. It crossed into cities and over national borders. The world reacted with shock and fear. And Ebola continues to kill. More
On Friday, April 14, 1865, Lincoln was enjoying a play at the Ford's Theater when a man came from behind and shot him. To millions of Americans, Abraham Lincoln's death was a personal loss. They had come to think of him as more than the President of the United States. He was a trusted friend. More
Researchers are realizing what chocolate-lovers have known for a long time -- that chocolate is good for you. Their study found that large amounts of flavanols, substances found in cocoa, tea and some vegetables, may help to reverse age-related memory failure and can help prevent strokes. More
The United States technological organization Lockheed Martin says it will produce a working fusion nuclear reactor within five years. Lockheed Martin says it may have an operating prototype by 2017, and a version for sale by 2022. Fusion involves forcing together atomic nuclei. More
In the first half of the 19th century, Christmas was a very different kind of holiday than it is today. People did not have a set way of celebrating. Christmas was not even an official holiday yet. More
Attending a live musical performance, be it in a huge arena or a small cafe, is an exciting experience. But here in the U.S., a very different kind of performance is gaining popularity: house concerts. “There's just a totally unique experience as opposed to playing like a coffee shop or a bar." More