December 19, 2014 04:39 UTC

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM December 18, 2014

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


7:14 PM - 7:18 PM December 17, 2014

The Civil War Ends


3:06 PM - 3:11 PM December 17, 2014

Actor Shoots Lincoln, Calls Him a Tyrant


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM December 11, 2014

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


7:10 PM - 7:16 PM December 11, 2014

Southern General Robert E. Lee Surrenders at Appomattox


5:50 PM - 5:56 PM December 10, 2014

Continue or Stop the War? Voters Choose in Election of 1864


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM December 04, 2014

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


3:26 PM - 3:32 PM December 03, 2014

Sherman Burns Atlanta in March to the Sea


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM November 27, 2014

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


2:08 PM - 2:14 PM November 24, 2014

Strong Defense at Cold Harbor Gives Lee His Last Major Victory


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM November 20, 2014

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


8:31 PM - 8:38 PM November 17, 2014

Over 150 Years Later, Lincoln's Words at Gettysburg Still Have Meaning


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM November 13, 2014

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


8:59 PM - 9:05 PM November 07, 2014

Battle of Gettysburg Ends South's Hopes for Independence


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM November 06, 2014

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


4:47 PM - 4:53 PM November 05, 2014

Lincoln Says He Will Free Most Slaves in the South


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM October 30, 2014

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


5:45 PM - 5:50 PM October 30, 2014


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM October 23, 2014

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


4:58 PM - 5:04 PM October 22, 2014

    Audio Southern General Robert E. Lee Surrenders at Appomattox

    General Robert E. Lee’s military skill and intelligence helped extend the war between the states. But even his skill could not save the South from the industrial power of the North and its mighty armies -- armies that were better-fed and better-equipped. On Sunday, August 9, Lee surrendered.

    Audio Continue or Stop the War? Voters Choose in Election of 1864

    Lincoln hated the Civil War. But he would not end it until military victory ended slavery and guaranteed political union. When Union troops captured Atlanta, the last remaining industrial cities of the South.The people of the North began to understand their side was winning the war.

    Audio Sherman Burns Atlanta in March to the Sea

    In late 1864, Union General William Sherman brought a form of total warfare to the American South. He aimed to limit the South’s ability to fight and wanted to show the people of the Confederacy that their government could not protect them. His victory damaged the spirit of the South.

    Audio Strong Defense at Cold Harbor Gives Lee His Last Major Victory

    After Northern forces defeated Southern troops at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and Vicksburg, Mississippi, General Ulysses Grant decided to hit the Confederates with the full force of the Union armies. The fight did not go as he expected. But General Grant was resolved to defeat the Confederates.

    Audio Lincoln's Words at Gettysburg Still Have Meaning

    On November 19, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln said no one would remember his speech at a battlefield cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. But Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address remains one of the most important speeches in U.S. history. | The Making of a Nation

    Audio Battle of Gettysburg Ends the South’s Hopes

    In the summer of 1863, Confederate General Robert E. Lee led his troops into northern territory. He faced the army of Union General George Meade in central Pennsylvania. The Battle of Gettsyburg was one of the most important fights in the war. Historians believe the battle ended the South's hopes.

    Audio  Lincoln Says He Will Free Most Slaves in the South

    By the summer of 1862, President Lincoln was losing support for the nation’s bloody civil war. People in the north were tired of fighting to save the Union. In time, however, Lincoln recognized another reason to fight: to free slaves in the South. This changed the very nature of the Civil War.

    Audio South Defeats North Again at Manassas

    Lincoln named George Pope to lead the Army of Virginia. He wanted to join Pope’s forces with the Army of the Potomac and break through Confederate defenses around Richmond. But General Robert E. Lee decided to hit Pope first. Lee then decided to carry the war to the North.

    Audio Iron Ships Clash at Sea

    The American Civil War was fought not only on land, but at sea. In 1862, Confederate and Union forces fought a new kind of navy battle in waters off Hampton Roads, Virginia. It was the first battle between iron ships. On the Confederate side was a ship called the Virginia. | The Making of a Nation

    Audio McClellan Approaches Richmond ... And Waits

    The North and South clashed in a series of battles called the Seven Days Campaign. The struggle saved the Confederacy but came at a terrible price. But victory came at a terrible price. Twenty thousand Confederate soldiers were killed or wounded. The Civil War was becoming more costly.

    Audio Grant Leads Union Troops to Victory at Shiloh, but With a Cost

    Ulysses Grant won the greatest Union victory since the start of the Civil War. At first the North celebrated the news of its victory. But the public quickly became angry when they learned of the heavy losses. People blamed General Grant. They demanded President Abraham Lincoln dismiss him.

    Columbus Discovers America

    Generations of schoolchildren have been taught that Christopher Columbus discovered the New World. In fact, the second Monday in October is celebrated as a national holiday, Columbus Day, to honor the European explorer.

    Audio Manassas Ends Hope for a Short War

    Many northerners wanted Union forces to seize the new Confederate capital and quickly end the rebellion. Pro-Union newspapers urged, "On to Richmond!" But the North soon learned it needed a better trained army to fight the Confederacy.

    Audio Lincoln Struggles to Keep Kentucky, Missouri in the Union

    Lincoln famously wrote in September 1861, "I think to lose Kentucky is nearly the same as to lose the whole game."

    Audio Virginia Leaves Union, Lincoln Puts Maryland Under Military Rule

    President Abraham Lincoln asked the states for 75,000 soldiers to stop the South's rebellion. But border states -- those between the North and South -- refused to send any troops. And some prepared to leave the Union and join the Confederacy.

    Audio First Shots of the Civil War Fired at Fort Sumter

    On April 12, 1861, Confederate forces in South Carolina shelled a Union base that President Abraham Lincoln refused to surrender.

    Audio Southern States Form a New Nation

    The Confederate States of America wrote a constitution that gave more power to the states and protected slavery.

    Audio Lincoln Wins 1860 Election, Loses Southern States

    Abraham Lincoln entered office facing the most serious crisis in American history.

    Audio Lincoln-Douglas Debates Set the Stage for the 1860 Election

    Democrat Stephen Douglas was seeking re-election as a U.S. senator from Illinois. His opponent was a lawyer from the new Republican Party, Abraham Lincoln. | The Making of a Nation

    Audio John Brown Raids Harpers Ferry

    In October of 1859, a group of anti-slavery extremists attacked the town of Harpers Ferry. Harpers Ferry was part of Virginia then; today it is located in West Virginia. A man named John Brown led the attack. His group seized a gun factory and a center where the government kept military equipment.

Learn with The News

  • Mideast Islamic State US

    Audio Top Islamic State Leaders Killed in Airstrikes

    Three top Islamic State leaders were killed in a series of targeted airstrikes in Iraq. U.S. not ruling out White House visit by Cuban President Raul Castro. Suspected Boko Haram gunmen kidnap over 100 women, children. Putin says Russia’s economy will improve in two years. More

  • the interview

    Video Sony Criticized for Cancelling 'The Interview'

    The company acted after a group of computer hackers attacked the company and threatened to attack movie theaters that show the film. Most people have criticized Sony’s decision to cancel the release. The US says North Korea was behind the cyber attack. North Korea denies the accusation. More

  • The MOM Incubator could save more babies in refugee camps who die due to complications of premature birth.

    Audio Low-Cost Incubator May Save More Babies

    Premature birth is the biggest killer of children worldwide. About one million babies around the world die of problems because they are born too early. Many of these babies could have been saved if they had been placed in an incubator. A young British researcher says he has found a solution. More

  • A screenshot from Cuban television shows President Raul Castro addressing the country, in Havana, Dec. 17, 2014.

    Audio US, Cuba Normalize Relations

    After the release of Alan Gross from prison, U.S. and Cuba announce policy changes that end more than 50 years of diplomatic isolation that began in the Cold War. Also in the news, India joins Pakistan in mourning after Tuesday's Taliban attack. And Sony Pictures cancels release of "The Interview." More

  • Audio How Much of You Does Facebook Own?

    If you use Facebook, your friends may have posted an update recently saying Facebook is not permitted to violate their privacy. But how much of your data -- things you post -- does Facebook legally own? Experts say Facebook's terms of service agreement clearly says they own most of what you post. More

Featured Stories

  • Video Music Shows in Private Homes Gain Popularity

    Attending a live musical performance, be it in a huge arena or a small cafe, is an exciting experience. But here in the U.S., a very different kind of performance is gaining popularity: house concerts. “There's just a totally unique experience as opposed to playing like a coffee shop or a bar." More

  • Lee Surrenders to Grant at Appomatox

    Audio Southern General Robert E. Lee Surrenders at Appomattox

    General Robert E. Lee’s military skill and intelligence helped extend the war between the states. But even his skill could not save the South from the industrial power of the North and its mighty armies -- armies that were better-fed and better-equipped. On Sunday, August 9, Lee surrendered. More

  • Uganda Playground for Disabled Children

    Audio Helping Uganda’s Disabled Children Play

    You may think that all children have freedom to play. But for children who look differently from others or have physical disabilities, the idea of play can seem far away. An organization in Uganda is seeking to change that. Read on to learn words needed to talk about this sometimes difficult topic. More

  • A microneedle used to inject glaucoma medications into the eye is shown next to a liquid drop from a conventional eye dropper. (Georgia Tech Photo: Gary Meek

    Audio Tiny Needles Treat Eye Disease

    Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness around the world. In the United States, more than two million people suffer from the disease. Now, researchers are developing very small needles that may offer a more effective and painless treatment for glaucoma and other eye diseases. More

  • The National Museum of Organized Crime and Law Enforcement in Las Vegas

    Audio Mob Museum Tells About the Mafia in America

    The U.S. government has long used public money to fight organized crime. Now, public money is also paying for a museum in Las Vegas to tell about "The Mob,” and not everyone is happy about that. But some say it helps the local economy by bringing people to a part of Las Vegas that few visit. More

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