March 30, 2015 20:02 UTC

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM March 26, 2015

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM March 19, 2015

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM March 12, 2015

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM March 05, 2015

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM February 26, 2015

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM February 19, 2015

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM February 12, 2015

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM February 05, 2015

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM January 29, 2015

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM January 22, 2015

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM January 15, 2015

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM January 08, 2015

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM January 01, 2015

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM December 25, 2014

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM December 18, 2014

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


7:14 PM - 7:18 PM December 17, 2014

The Civil War Ends


3:06 PM - 3:11 PM December 17, 2014

Actor Shoots Lincoln, Calls Him a Tyrant


10:45 PM - 11:00 PM December 11, 2014

The Making of a Nation

The Making of a Nation explains the history of the United States, and each week tells how the country and its people have developed.


7:10 PM - 7:16 PM December 11, 2014

Southern General Robert E. Lee Surrenders at Appomattox


5:50 PM - 5:56 PM December 10, 2014

Continue or Stop the War? Voters Choose in Election of 1864

    Audio The Civil War Ends

    Four years of bloody fighting had preserved the Union of states and freed four million slaves. But the cost of the war was great – in lives, in money and in infrastructure. Yet the country had to find a way to rebuild.

    Audio Actor Shoots Lincoln, Calls Him a Tyrant

    ​On Friday, April 14, 1865, Lincoln was enjoying a play at the Ford's Theater when a man came from behind and shot him. To millions of Americans, Abraham Lincoln's death was a personal loss. They had come to think of him as more than the President of the United States. He was a trusted friend.

    Audio Southern General Robert E. Lee Surrenders at Appomattox

    General Robert E. Lee’s military skill and intelligence helped extend the war between the states. But even his skill could not save the South from the industrial power of the North and its mighty armies -- armies that were better-fed and better-equipped. On Sunday, August 9, Lee surrendered.

    Audio Continue or Stop the War? Voters Choose in Election of 1864

    Lincoln hated the Civil War. But he would not end it until military victory ended slavery and guaranteed political union. When Union troops captured Atlanta, the last remaining industrial cities of the South.The people of the North began to understand their side was winning the war.

    Audio Sherman Burns Atlanta in March to the Sea

    In late 1864, Union General William Sherman brought a form of total warfare to the American South. He aimed to limit the South’s ability to fight and wanted to show the people of the Confederacy that their government could not protect them. His victory damaged the spirit of the South.

    Audio Strong Defense at Cold Harbor Gives Lee His Last Major Victory

    After Northern forces defeated Southern troops at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and Vicksburg, Mississippi, General Ulysses Grant decided to hit the Confederates with the full force of the Union armies. The fight did not go as he expected. But General Grant was resolved to defeat the Confederates.

    Audio Lincoln's Words at Gettysburg Still Have Meaning

    On November 19, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln said no one would remember his speech at a battlefield cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. But Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address remains one of the most important speeches in U.S. history. | The Making of a Nation

    Audio Battle of Gettysburg Ends the South’s Hopes

    In the summer of 1863, Confederate General Robert E. Lee led his troops into northern territory. He faced the army of Union General George Meade in central Pennsylvania. The Battle of Gettsyburg was one of the most important fights in the war. Historians believe the battle ended the South's hopes.

    Audio  Lincoln Says He Will Free Most Slaves in the South

    By the summer of 1862, President Lincoln was losing support for the nation’s bloody civil war. People in the north were tired of fighting to save the Union. In time, however, Lincoln recognized another reason to fight: to free slaves in the South. This changed the very nature of the Civil War.

    Audio South Defeats North Again at Manassas

    Lincoln named George Pope to lead the Army of Virginia. He wanted to join Pope’s forces with the Army of the Potomac and break through Confederate defenses around Richmond. But General Robert E. Lee decided to hit Pope first. Lee then decided to carry the war to the North.

    Audio Iron Ships Clash at Sea

    The American Civil War was fought not only on land, but at sea. In 1862, Confederate and Union forces fought a new kind of navy battle in waters off Hampton Roads, Virginia. It was the first battle between iron ships. On the Confederate side was a ship called the Virginia. | The Making of a Nation

    Audio McClellan Approaches Richmond ... And Waits

    The North and South clashed in a series of battles called the Seven Days Campaign. The struggle saved the Confederacy but came at a terrible price. But victory came at a terrible price. Twenty thousand Confederate soldiers were killed or wounded. The Civil War was becoming more costly.

    Audio Grant Leads Union Troops to Victory at Shiloh, but With a Cost

    Ulysses Grant won the greatest Union victory since the start of the Civil War. At first the North celebrated the news of its victory. But the public quickly became angry when they learned of the heavy losses. People blamed General Grant. They demanded President Abraham Lincoln dismiss him.

    Columbus Discovers America

    Generations of schoolchildren have been taught that Christopher Columbus discovered the New World. In fact, the second Monday in October is celebrated as a national holiday, Columbus Day, to honor the European explorer.

    Audio Manassas Ends Hope for a Short War

    Many northerners wanted Union forces to seize the new Confederate capital and quickly end the rebellion. Pro-Union newspapers urged, "On to Richmond!" But the North soon learned it needed a better trained army to fight the Confederacy.

    Audio Lincoln Struggles to Keep Kentucky, Missouri in the Union

    Lincoln famously wrote in September 1861, "I think to lose Kentucky is nearly the same as to lose the whole game."

    Audio Virginia Leaves Union, Lincoln Puts Maryland Under Military Rule

    President Abraham Lincoln asked the states for 75,000 soldiers to stop the South's rebellion. But border states -- those between the North and South -- refused to send any troops. And some prepared to leave the Union and join the Confederacy.

    Audio First Shots of the Civil War Fired at Fort Sumter

    On April 12, 1861, Confederate forces in South Carolina shelled a Union base that President Abraham Lincoln refused to surrender.

    Audio Southern States Form a New Nation

    The Confederate States of America wrote a constitution that gave more power to the states and protected slavery.

    Audio Lincoln Wins 1860 Election, Loses Southern States

    Abraham Lincoln entered office facing the most serious crisis in American history.

Learn with The News

  • Conversion of forests to agricultural use create starkly different habitats for small mammals that carry zoonotic disease such as plague, resulting in increased risk of plague transmission. (Photo Credit: Douglas McCauley)

    Audio Land-Use Changes May Increase Risk of Plague

    Efforts to increase food production in Africa may be increasing the risk of plague infection. A new report looks at efforts to clear land for farming in natural, undeveloped areas of Tanzania. The report links the development of croplands to an increase in the number of rats carrying the plague. More

  • Video Ceramic Guitar Proves Good for Rockin'

    Musicians have been using clay, or ceramic, wind and percussion instruments for a long time. But a rock guitarist in Spain is now attracting audiences with not only his music, but his unique ceramic guitar. Luis Martin says there is a unique quality of sound bouncing off ceramic material. More

  • A woman wakes up on downtown Los Angeles' Skid Row, March 7, 2013.

    Video Community Center Helps Women on Skid Row

    Many homeless people live in the “Skid Row” area of Los Angeles, California. These men and women have no permanent place to live. Skid Row is a place where many social service groups can be found. They work to help the homeless find work and a place to live. One such organization works with women. More

  • Iran - Nuclear

    Audio Difference Remains in Iran's Nuclear Talks

    How to dispose of Iran’s nuclear materials remains a barrier. Also, Arab-coalition airstrikes continue in Yemen; France's Socialist Party faces election losses; Nigerians vote for president; the U.S. and South Korea hold joint military exercises; and blogger killed in Bangladesh. More

  • Audio Chinese Development Bank Gains Members

    The Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank, proposed by China, is aimed at financing infrastructure projects in Asian countries. The United States has voiced concerns about how the bank might affect organizations such as the World Bank and Asian Development Bank. But some U.S. allies have joined. More

Featured Stories

  • Audio New Treatment for AIDS Called a ‘Big Deal’

    Read on to learn words like mutate, neutralize and antiretroviral as you learn how researchers have found a way to trick HIV, the virus causing AIDS, into killing itself. The difficulty level might be high as this article describes what happens when a genetically modified cell becomes an HIV killer. More

  • Video Angelina Jolie Has Second Surgery to Prevent Cancer

    The 39-year-old actress published a piece in The New York Times about her decision to have her ovaries and fallopian tubes removed to protect herself from cancer. She had a double mastectomy two years ago for the same reason. The latest surgery leaves the mother of six unable to have more children. More

  • Space Rocket to Launch Weather Satellite Into Deep Space

    Video Satellite Will Watch Sun Storms, Send Warnings to Earth

    Strong storms on the sun can cause problems for satellites, radio communications and even airplane travel. A satellite is now traveling 1.5 million kilometers to enter the sun’s orbit, just in time to observe the extreme weather on the sun at its most violent time the sun’s 11-year cycle. More

  • An employee plays the game Flappy Bird at a smartphone store in Hanoi, Feb. 10, 2014.

    Audio Too Much Gaming is a Pain in the Neck

    Smartphones and other electronic devices, or gadgets, are becoming more affordable. Children in India are using them more and more. Doctors say children who spend long hours playing video games are increasingly showing signs of physical deformities, meaning their bodies are not growing properly. More

  • Video Secrets of a Saddle-Maker

    People began riding horses thousands of years ago. Saddles for horseback riding were invented soon after. Today, many companies manufacture saddles. But it is rare to find someone who designs and makes these products by hand. American Keith Valley is one of the few. More

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