August 01, 2014 15:53 UTC

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Anti-Corruption Group Says Abuse of Power Still ‘Very High’ in Many Countries

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Transparency Corruption Index 2012
Transparency Corruption Index 2012

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  • Anti-Corruption Group Says Abuse of Power Still ‘Very High’ in Many Countries

From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report in Special English.
 
A group that brings attention to the issue of corruption says levels of bribery, abuse of power and secret dealings are still “very high” in many countries.
 
Transparency International this week released its yearly Corruption Perceptions Index. The Berlin-based group rates 176 countries and territories with a number from zero to 100. Bigger numbers are better.
 
The index measures the perceived, or apparent, level of corruption in a country. The group uses information from a number of economic sources. They include the African Development Bank, the World Bank and the World Economic Forum.
 
Corruption takes many forms. Transparency International calls it “the abuse of entrusted power for private gain.” One common form of corruption is bribery: the use of money or gifts to persuade another person to do something wrong or illegal. Corruption is not easy to measure because it is secretive. But the World Bank estimates that about $1 trillion in bribes are paid every year worldwide. Stealing public money is another form of corruption.
 
Huguette Labelle is chair of Transparency International. She says the problem of corruption affects millions of people and limits their ability to get necessary services.
 
“And in some countries it can be that 50 percent of the population had to pay a bribe to gain access to essential services like water, education, health, licenses.”
 
A group of small, developed nations scored highest on the new list. Denmark, Finland and New Zealand received a rating of 90. Among large nations, the United States rated 73 while China rated 39.
 
The countries with the greatest perceived level of corruption on the list are Somalia, North Korea and Afghanistan with scores of 8.
 
Robin Hodess directs research at Transparency International. She says the index can show people involved in policy decisions how others see the issue of corruption in their countries.
 
"We need evidence about how corruption works. We need to know where to target the reforms needed to promote transparency, accountability and integrity."
 
The index measures perceptions held by experts, businesses and organizations. And their opinions are important. The World Bank notes that countries showing improvements in perception indexes had greater foreign investment and economic growth. However, foreign aid and international trade is less likely for countries perceived as highly corrupt.
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by: Van Thu from: Viet Nam
01/06/2013 3:31 PM
The corruptionin my country was too popular. It effected all face of society. The goverment need to be reformed and have strong method


by: Yoshi from: Sapporo
12/17/2012 4:37 PM
I feel rating of corruption perception index is better if the higher the score is, the more corruption is percepted.


by: Cao Minh from: Viet Nam
12/15/2012 4:25 PM
i think issue of corruption in Viet Nam are group benifits. the way to resovel is strong of law and goverment !! addtion, everyone must effort together !!


by: Marcos Chibly from: Brazil
12/14/2012 9:51 AM
Bribe starts early, I don't know in another countries, but in Brazil is very common fathers and mothers using bribes to persuade sons to do things what they hope. Per sure the bribes are candies, toys , money is difficult but for teenagers is usually done.

We need change our education in schools but we need change many things of our culture too.

In our police system the workers need a better salary, because a lot of drug dealers use this situation to corrupt any Police Officer and stay free.

Our governements are a shame, day a day a news about corruptions, bribes, our last president were involved in bribes "system" too.

I feel for born in a corrupted country, but I believe in it.. One day we will be a nation more just and transparent..


by: Elena from: Urkaine
12/13/2012 4:13 PM
Unfortunately, my country relates to countries with high level of corruption.
Clerks who hold government offices abuse the power and entrepreneurs who have illegal or shady business don't pay the taxes. Bribery takes place in all scopes of activity and all levels of power and society. Many people are faced with bribery in education, health establishments and others state and private institutions. I think the both sides are guilty of bribery: who gives and who gets the bribe.
It is very sad that I live in such country and my opinion is following: if country has high level of corruption then this country has not a future.


by: joes carlso from: Brazil
12/12/2012 9:03 PM
I am Brazilian and I'm proud of being ... but in terms of politics I feel ashamed to be... 99.9999999 the politicians are corrupt and thieves and
Worst of all, never go to jail.


by: Yang from: Canada
12/12/2012 2:42 PM
Corruption is a very serious problem,which not only makes ordinary people lose heart for their countries but also disturbs people's normal lives. I hope the Transparency International could help eliminate the corruption around the world.


by: Elena from: Ukraine
12/11/2012 9:54 PM
Unfortunately my country relates to countries with high level of corruption.
Clerks who hold government office abuse of power, and entrepreneurs who have illegal or shady business don't pay the taxes.
Bribery takes place on all scopes of activity and all levels of power and society. Many people are faced with bribery in education, health establishments and other state and private institutions.I think the both sides are guilty of bribery: who gives and who gets the bribe.
It's very sad that I live in that country and my opinion is following: if country has high level of corruption then this country has not a future.


by: susie from: Philippines
12/11/2012 2:24 AM
I deeply appreciated this report. At least I can perceive not only my motherland's situation but even across the worlds reality. I am aware of our country's corruption but I am quiet uncertain if how far corruption it goes. As far as I am concerned, I truly believed that honesty starts from within. But how I can make it, when I am only one and I am facing the big world out there...What I meant is that, only few honest people against the "many dishonest and some are even powerful" people. So it's very hard to change.


by: Reinaldo from: Peru
12/10/2012 12:01 PM
I think the issue comes from family education, and many bribery. "HAVE A LOOK IN PERU"

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