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Seeking HIV Tests for All in US Age 15-65

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A woman in Los Angeles gets an HIV test.A woman in Los Angeles gets an HIV test.
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A woman in Los Angeles gets an HIV test.
A woman in Los Angeles gets an HIV test.

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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report in Special English.
 
An independent advisory group is suggesting that everyone in the United States age fifteen to sixty-five should get tested for HIV. HIV is the infection that causes AIDS.
 
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force says wider public acceptance of HIV testing could lead to earlier treatment of cases, and further slow the spread of AIDS. The task force is collecting public comments on its proposed recommendation until December seventeenth.
 
The sixteen medical experts on the task force are appointed by the government. They examine scientific evidence for and against health care services designed to prevent disease.
 
Carlos Del Rio is co-director of the Emory Center for AIDS Research in Atlanta, Georgia. He is not a member of the task force, but says early discovery and treatment of HIV is important for two reasons.
 
"People are less likely to progress to disease and also, as importantly, is people are less likely to transmit to others. So starting therapy early leads to better disease outcomes."
 
HIV is spread through unprotected sex or contact with an infected person's blood. In two thousand five, the task force recommended testing for all pregnant women and anyone at increased risk of HIV.
 
Now, says Dr. Del Rio, HIV tests would be offered as an early screening tool. He says that makes more sense than offering it later when people go to the doctor for tests to find out why they are sick.
 
An estimated 1.2 million Americans have HIV. Each year about fifty thousand more get infected. Up to twenty-five percent of all infected people do not know they have the virus.
 
But among young people, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says about sixty percent do not know it. The CDC says one-fourth of new infections in the United States are in young people age thirteen to twenty-four.
 
December first is World AIDS Day. The latest United Nations AIDS report says twenty-five low- to middle-income countries have cut their rate of new infections in half since two thousand one. Thirteen of those countries are in sub-Saharan Africa.
 
But UNAIDS researchers say the number of new cases has risen more than thirty-five percent in the Middle East and North Africa since two thousand one.
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Comment Sorting
Comments
     
by: Rizwan from: India
12/05/2012 4:55 PM
it is a good news that US age 15-65 group people are tested HIV. it can be very helpful for those people who are infected this disease but they do not know their disease. they can treated in early stage of disease and may be they will be cured. and this method can be adopted in developing countries also. for this method our new generation can be cured this fatal disease. thanks you for posting this types of news.


by: Shige from: Japan
12/04/2012 3:25 AM
It is great to do HIV tests for all in US age 15-65. I think Japan should learn from US. Especially, young people should think about HIV more seriously.


by: BIJU.P.Y from: SOUTH INDIA
12/01/2012 5:20 PM
AIDS is the frightening threat that the world now encounters with. Unless efforts are taken to effectively curb the disease, it will outgrow all health success. The WHO should take personal interest in preventing the disease any further. Thank you.


by: sxwx from: china
12/01/2012 1:37 AM
HIV's spend speed is a sign that country and local's moral level.

In Response

by: thinktwicealways from: usa
12/05/2012 3:23 PM
Abstinence is absolutely a way to prevent HIV spread. However, it is not vice versa. HIV can also transmit via blood. For instance, blood transfusion and mother-to-baby at labor. In the United States, most public bathrooms provide free toilet seat cover for preventing disease. I think this is also a great sort of HIV prevention because there is possibility of vaginal discharge contamination through toileting too.

In Response

by: meng from: Taiwan
12/04/2012 7:13 AM
“HIV is spread through unprotected sex or contact with an infected person's blood.“ That's the point.

In Response

by: Yoshi from: Sapporo
12/02/2012 11:01 AM
I don't understand what you mean exactly. If I misunderstand you, I'm sorry. But I think HIV has nothing to do with moral. HIV is one thing and moral is another. I don't think we can get well from any deseases by taking a medicine named "moral".

In Response

by: Tong from: VietNam
12/03/2012 1:09 AM
I think moral's level is right. You can wonder why HIV spread very fast. The one may not know about HIV or they knew it but kept doing this. This is the problem of sex, they know they had HIV in their body, and still enjoy sex whatever come! So the problem here is not the treatment but their perception. The rate of rapist was increasing for many years, that's one of the main reason of the extend of century's desease!

In Response

by: Yoshi from: Sapporo
12/04/2012 7:23 AM
Hello Tong, thank you for your reply. I agree with part of your opinion. In those cases with sex workers and rapists bearing HIV as you say, we have a good reason to say so, spread of the desease depends on moral level.

But what came up to me first of all when I read this article is the situation of a large number of African people sufferring HIV. I wonder how we could say conclusively the reason why they are suffering from HIV is also due to their (lower?) level of moral. Don't you think so?


by: Yoshi from: Sapporo
11/30/2012 2:06 PM
I agree earlier treatment is efficient to bring better result for any disease. But I don't know whether forced tests for all is actually hopeful and needed to treat a special disease. I think there are many matters to be argued. First, I'm afraid not a few people don't want to be tested claimig the tests as violation of their privacy. Second, concerning the cost-benefit effectiveness, if the expected positive incidence rate is very small, costs for screening test might not meet the save for treatment of HIV infections. And furthermore, when the result is negative, at how long intervals tests should be repeated? This is my impression, for the country whose supreme priority is freedom as shown by the approval of homosexual, it would be impossible to force all people to undergo the tests.

In Response

by: Jessica from: Atlanta
12/05/2012 1:24 PM
This test is not a forced test. There are no plans to force anyone to get this test. In the United States, the old rules were that the insurance company would only pay for your test if you were considered to be in a high-risk category. These new recommendations would force the insurance company to pay for the test for anyone who wants one. Doctors can offer the test to every patient they have, but the patient is not obligated to take it.


by: awalludin from: padang, indonesia
11/29/2012 12:18 PM
I always read and listen at voa special english. it help me a lot to study english. terima kasih.


by: Leo from: Colombia
11/29/2012 3:52 AM
VOA thanks for the report! you guys are great. Keep doing your thing ;)


by: Nina from: Russia
11/29/2012 2:56 AM
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