April 28, 2015 10:18 UTC

Words and Their Stories: Santa Claus

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Santa Claus gestures toward first lady Michelle Obama, at Children's National Medical Center in Washington
Santa Claus gestures toward first lady Michelle Obama, at Children's National Medical Center in Washington

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Now, the Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.

Santa Claus is someone who will remain in the hearts of children forever. He is the make-believe person who brings toys and other gifts to children at Christmas.

To grown-ups, he is a special symbol of goodwill and selfless giving. Santa Claus also has some other names: Saint Nicholas, St. Nick, Kris Kringle, Pelznickel.

Two of his names -- Santa Claus and Saint Nicholas -- both come from the Dutch who settled in New York long ago. The Dutch believed Saint Nikolas gave gifts to children. They honored this kindly saint with a yearly festival on December sixth.

The English-speaking people who lived nearby greatly enjoyed Dutch festivals. And they brought the saint and the custom of giving gifts into their own celebration at Christmas time. The Dutch spoke the name "Saint Nikolaas" very fast. It sounded like "sinterklaas." And so, when the English said this word, it sounded like Santa Claus.

West of New York, in Pennsylvania, many German farmers had also heard of Saint Nikolas. But they called him Pelznickel. This word came from "pelz," meaning fur, and "nickel" for Nicholas. And so, to the Germans of Pennsylvania, Saint Nicholas or Pelznickel was a man dressed in fur who came once a year with gifts for good children.

Soon, people began to feel that the love and kindness Pelznickel brought should be part of a celebration honoring the Christkindl, as the Germans called the Christ child. After a time, this became Kris Kringle. Later, Kris Kringle became another name for Santa Claus himself.

Whatever he is called, he is still the same short, fat, jolly old man with a long beard, wearing a red suit with white fur.

The picture of Santa Claus as we see him came from Thomas Nast. He was an American painter born in Bavaria. He painted pictures for Christmas poems. Someone asked him to paint a picture of Santa Claus. Nast remembered when he was a little boy in southern Germany. Every Christmas, a fat old man gave toys and cakes to the children. So, when Nast painted the picture, his Santa Claus looked like the kindly old man of his childhood.

And through the years, Nast's painting has remained as the most popular picture of Santa Claus.

Santa can be seen almost everywhere in large American cities during the Christmas season. Some stand on street corners asking for money to buy food and gifts for the needy. Others are found in stores and shopping centers. It is easy to find them by the long lines of children waiting to tell Santa what they want for Christmas. If one took a vote among children to learn who their favorite person was, there is no question who would win -- Santa Claus.
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by: Dennis from: China
01/05/2013 10:16 AM
Merry Christmas


by: Rick from: Italy
12/17/2012 5:41 PM
Merry Christmas to VOA and all followers here from all over the world.


by: Rick from: Italy
12/17/2012 5:30 PM
In Italy Santa Claus is called "Babbo Natale". Italians kids love Babbo Natale. During Christmas holiday italians is used to be building a Christmas Tree and "Presepio", a small reconstruction of the scene of the Bethlehem nativity of Jesus Christ. Thanks to VOA. Merry Christmas to VOA and to all VOA followers all over the world.

Merry Christmas!!!!


by: Yoshi from: Sapporo
12/17/2012 4:28 PM
Thank you all VOA staff for offering us nice stories every time. Yes, it's time to cerebrate Christmas around the world. I remember how I overjoyed when I found sweets packed in a pair of socks in the Christmas morning. I'm sure they were from my parents who managed to make money to buy presents in spite of poverty. How wonderful it is to feel me myself is loved by others, deserve to be gifted presents! I sincerely hope all children around the world could receive even a little of presents from Saint Nikolas this Christmas eve.


by: Hao chi khuu from: vietnam
12/16/2012 8:00 AM
Hope every persons in a world to be one Santa Clause & present in everywhere,every time not only in Christmas to reach out their magic hand for the needies especially for unfortunated childs.tks!


by: ple from: bkk
12/16/2012 6:57 AM
Thank you for your stories.
May I have something from Santa?
I wish you A MERRY CHRISTMAS.


by: awaluduin from: padang, indonesia
12/16/2012 4:04 AM
Why this santa claus pogram can not be downloaded froam hp galaxy samsung ?


by: Maria from: Brazil
12/16/2012 12:13 AM
This story reminds me of my childhood, I congratulate the originality and genuine text. I live in southern Brazil, descendants of Germans, we have a very strong tradition in relation to Christmas and Christmas Eve. Still preserve the tradition of making Christmas cookies at home. We really liked the Pelsnickel is a dream for children. Thank you for this wonderful text.

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