IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English.
study finds that wars killed three times more people in the past fifty years
than other reports have estimated.
studied wars in thirteen countries between nineteen fifty-five and two thousand
two. They estimate that almost five and a half million people were killed,
including almost four million in Vietnam.
Obermeyer is a doctor at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts.
He and other researchers designed a new way to estimate deaths from wartime
violence. Current methods used during conflicts have been criticized for a risk
of underreporting or overreporting deaths.
method compares eyewitness and media reports to information gathered from
families later, during peacetime. That information comes from United Nations
World Health Surveys.
study in the British Medical Journal does not support a common belief that war
deaths are decreasing. Also, it deals only with deaths from violence. Disease
can claim more lives during a conflict.
also produce refugees. Friday was World Refugee Day. The United Nations says
the number of people fleeing violence and repression has risen to almost eleven
and a half million. Half are from Iraq and Afghanistan. The total does not
include Palestinian refugees.
U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Antonio Guterres says twenty-six million
people are displaced within their own countries.
conflicts in Afghanistan, Iraq and the Darfur area of Sudan get a lot of
attention. But the high commissioner says other conflicts in Africa have
created thousands of new refugees this year.
refugee agency says refugee numbers worldwide fell for five years before rising
again in the last two years. It says conflicts are largely to blame, but also
climate change and poverty tied to rising energy and food prices.
United States Committee for Refugees and Immigrants says refugees face
mistreatment and a lack of assistance in many countries. This group estimates
there were more than fourteen million refugees worldwide last year.
than two million Iraqis have become internally displaced since the Iraq war
started in two thousand three. Another two million have fled to Jordan and
Syria, including many professionals. Committee President Lavinia Limon says
these doctors, lawyers and others cannot work legally in Jordan, Syria or the
spoke this week in Washington, joined by several lawmakers. Democratic Senator Ben
Cardin of Maryland said the United States has relocated only around five
thousand Iraqis since the war began. The State Department says it aims to
relocate twelve thousand this year and is working as quickly as possible.
report also criticizes much of Europe for making it difficult for refugees to
gain entry. And it criticizes Kenya and other countries that keep large numbers
of refugees in camps.
that's IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English. I'm Steve Ember.