to AMERICAN MOSAIC in VOA Special English.
we listen to music from singer/songwriter Keyshia Cole …
question about actress, producer, businesswoman and television host Oprah
visit a museum where ancient treasures from Afghanistan are on display.
Treasures of Afghanistan
in Washington, D.C., this summer can see an exhibit of treasures that tells a
story of ancient civilizations, invasions, and cross-cultural influences.
"Afghanistan: Hidden Treasures from the National Museum, Kabul" is currently on
view at the National Gallery of Art. Shirley Griffith has more about this
works in this exhibit come from four archeological areas within current day
Afghanistan. One site, called Aï Khanum, was in an area called
Bactria. The Greek military commander Alexander the Great invaded this area
over two thousand three hundred years ago. Aï Khanum became a cultural center
where Greek artistic traditions combined with local Bactrian traditions.
about two thousand three hundred years ago, the collection of land and sea
routes known as the Silk Road became important for trade. It stretched from the eastern Mediterranean
Sea to the Chinese border. Afghanistan was at the center of the major routes.
For centuries, traders traveled along the Silk Road with their finest goods.
found many treasures collected by Kushan rulers at the ancient city of Begram. In the exhibit, you can see a finely made small bronze statue. It
combines the qualities of a Greco-Roman god and an Egyptian god into one
figure. There are also several finely cut ivory statues of an Indian
goddess. The objects from Begram show
the many cultural exchanges that took place along the Silk Road.
at the site of Tillya Tepe discovered the burial place of
nomads, traveling people who took over the area over two thousand years ago. A
chief and five women were buried in costly clothing covered with jewels and
gold. Their extraordinarily detailed jewelry combines the artistic styles of
China, India, Persia and Siberia. A highlight of the exhibit is the strikingly
detailed gold crown, which folds into pieces so that it could be moved easily.
treasures from the National Museum in Kabul were long thought to have been
destroyed during the years of war in Afghanistan. Luckily, several wise museum
officials hid these objects in the presidential home, starting in nineteen
seventy-nine. In two thousand four, officials announced that these treasures
had been found and were safe. You can
find these words at the National Museum of Afghanistan: "A Nation Stays
Alive When Its Culture Stays Alive."
listener question this week comes from Mexico. Wilfrido Medina Navarro wants to
know more about television personality and producer Oprah Winfrey.
Several publications have named Oprah Winfrey one of the
most influential people in the world.
Oprah is best known by her first name. She is famous for having her own
television show and production company and for helping people. Oprah is said to
be worth more than two-and-one-half billion dollars. She gives money to women, children and families in need.
year, she opened a school for hundreds of girls in South Africa. In nineteen
ninety-eight, she created Oprah's Angel Network, which helps people in need
around the world.
especially interested in protecting children from sexual abuse. She was
responsible for gaining support for the National Child Protection Act of
nineteen ninety-three, known as the "Oprah Law." It created a national public list of people found guilty of
abusing children. In two thousand five, she created Oprah's Child Predator
Watch List. This list helps identify people who are suspected of abusing
was not always so successful, however. She was born into poverty in a small
town in Mississippi in nineteen fifty-four. Her mother was young and unmarried.
Oprah was sent to live with her grandmother, who taught her about the
importance of education.
when she was nine years old, Oprah was sexually abused by members of her family
as well as a family friend. She was later sent to live with her father in
named Miss Black Tennesee when she was eighteen. She became a radio and
television reporter in Nashville. In nineteen eighty-four she took over a local
television talk show in Chicago, Illinois.
It was later renamed "The Oprah Winfrey Show." Soon the show was broadcast across the country. Today it is the
most popular talk show in television history. It is broadcast to more than one
started her own production company that produces movies and television
programs. She started two popular
magazines, a Web site, book club and satellite radio channel. Oprah Winfrey has received many awards for
her television show and for her public service.
and songwriter Keyshia Cole has quickly become a favorite among
listeners of hip-hop and rhythm and blues music. It is more than her soulful voice that makes her songs so
popular. She sings about something most
people can understand — the painful side of love. Mario Ritter has more.
comes to love and sadness Keyshia Cole has a lot to sing about. The twenty-six-year-old singer has dealt
with many difficult love experiences.
She says one of the worst was when she ended a relationship with the man
she had planned to marry because he was involved with another woman.
Cole did not let emotionally painful experiences interfere with her dream of
becoming a professional singer.
Instead, she began writing songs about them. Her first album, "The Way It Is," was released in two thousand
five. The song "Love" became a hit.
critics say Keyshia Cole has an honest way of singing that makes you feel the
pain and sadness she sings about. Her
latest album is called "Just Like You."
Here she sings "I Remember."
Cole says she wants to be an example to people to always believe in
themselves. We leave you with another
hit song by Keyshia Cole from her album "Just Like You." This is "Let It Go."
Johnson. I hope you enjoyed our program
written by Lawan Davis, Dana Demange, and Elizabeth Stern. Caty Weaver was the producer. To read the
text of this program and download audio, go to our Web site,
again next week for AMERICAN MOSAIC, VOA's radio magazine in Special