the VOA Special English Health Report.
DeBakey performed more than sixty thousand operations during his long career as
a heart surgeon.
patients included American presidents John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson and Richard
Nixon. They also included Russian president Boris Yeltsin and the Shah of Iran.
DeBakey died July eleventh in Houston, Texas, two months short of his one
medical student in nineteen thirty-one, he invented the roller pump. Years
later it would be used for blood transfusions during heart operations.
roller pump became a major part of the heart-lung machine. The machine pumps
oxygen-rich blood to the brain and other organs so doctors can operate on the
DeBakey was a pioneer of open heart surgery, which has saved countless lives.
The name means that the chest is open and surgery is performed on the heart.
Doctors may or may not open the heart itself as well.
DeBakey was born in Lake Charles, Louisiana, on September seventh, nineteen
hundred and eight. His parents were Lebanese immigrants.
always a good student. He loved to learn. As a child his mother taught him to
sew. This proved helpful years later when he sewed polyester tubes into
patients to perform heart bypass operations.
developed a way to replace or repair blood vessels with Dacron, a stretchy
manmade material. He continued to improve on the process. Today the DeBakey
artificial graft is used around the world.
also a pioneer in artificial hearts, heart transplants and recording surgeries
on film. He revolutionized medicine in the nineteen fifties and sixties.
World War Two he helped develop the Mobile Army Surgical Hospital, or MASH.
DeBakey earned his medical degree in nineteen thirty-two from Tulane University
in New Orleans.
years he led the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. He supervised its
separation from Baylor University in nineteen sixty-nine.
years he received many awards.
he helped save was his own. Two years ago he had a damaged aorta, which carries
blood from the heart to the body. Surgeons repaired it with an operation he developed
DeBakey continued to work until his death. He received a hero's burial last
Friday at Arlington National Cemetery outside Washington.
that’s the VOA Special English Health Report, written by Caty Weaver. I’m Pat