VOA Special English Health Report.
Journal of the American Medical Association, or JAMA, has published its yearly
issue on violence and human rights.
report is on a study of a mental health program for children affected by
political violence in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia.
study of the school-based intervention involved about five hundred children.
The average age was ten. Some took part in a therapy program for five weeks.
They met fifteen times with locally trained mental-health workers. The other
children, a control group, received no therapy.
researchers say the therapy appeared to moderately reduce signs of
post-traumatic stress disorder. It also helped support feelings of hope. But it
did not reduce signs of depression or abnormal fear.
from the Netherlands, at the nonprofit organization HealthNet TPO and Vrije
University Medical Center, did the study.
audio commentary on the JAMA Web site, the journal's editor in chief, Cathy
DeAngelis, expressed regret at the findings. In her words: "I guess
violence to children has its toll no matter what you do."
study in the special issue looked at alcohol use among American troops back
from war. At the beginning of the study, more than forty-eight thousand service
members answered questions about their use of alcohol. Some went on to fight in
Iraq and Afghanistan, and some were deployed in non-combat duties. Most were
the men and women answered questions again about their drinking.
cases of heavy drinking were highest among younger service members and members
of the Reserve and National Guard returning from the wars. These normally
part-time forces have played an important part in Iraq and Afghanistan. But
those who fought in the wars were sixty-three percent more likely to later
abuse alcohol than non-deployed personnel.
service members involved in combat were thirty-one percent more likely to begin
binge drinking when they returned home. Drinking four to five drinks within
about four hours is considered binge drinking.
Naval Health Research Center in San Diego, California, did the study. The
researchers note that high rates of alcohol misuse have been reported among
service members returning from past conflicts. But there has been little
information so far about the current wars.
that's the VOA Special English Health Report, written by Caty Weaver.
Transcripts and MP3s are at voaspecialenglish.com. I'm Steve Ember.