This is the VOA Special English Development Report.
A researcher says three hundred forty-three
thousand AIDS deaths in South Africa in the last ten years could have been
prevented. Nicoli Nattrass blames the former government of Thabo Mbeki for
delays in providing antiretroviral drugs.
directs the AIDS and Society Research Unit at the University of Cape Town School
of Economics. Her study is in the journal African Affairs. She says the former
president and his health minister scared people away from the drugs which
suppress H.I.V. The former president claimed they were unsafe and ineffective.
H.I.V. is the virus that causes AIDS. A new study in
the journal Nature has shown some hopeful results from an experimental gel that
might protect women from H.I.V. The gel is made from glycerol monolaurate. GML is
commonly added to food products to protect against harmful microbes.
at the University of Minnesota and the National Cancer Institute in the United
States tested the gel on female monkeys. The study used an animal form of
H.I.V. More studies are needed to know if the gel could work for humans.
In Kenya, a project aims to educate
girls about H.I.V. prevention while helping them stay in school during their monthly
periods. Girls from poor families can miss up to a week of school each month
because they do not have enough money for supplies.
a group called AmericaShare worked with the Johnson & Johnson company to
produce washable sanitary napkins. The American program known as PEPFAR provided
the H.I.V. information to include in kits with the napkins. PEPFAR is the
President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief.
In the future, project organizers want to have international
donors buy the kits for girls and young women who cannot afford them. The kits
are called Huru, Swahili for "Freedom."
in Kenya, a video game is being tested as another way to teach young people to
avoid H.I.V. The game is called "Pamoja Mtaani," which means "Together
in the Hood." The project involves PEPFAR and Warner Brothers
Entertainment. Another company, Virtual Heroes, made the game.
Young people are not the only ones who need to protect
themselves against H.I.V. The Bulletin of the World Health Organization reports
that Brazil has a new education campaign aimed at people over the age of fifty.
Their infection rate has doubled since nineteen ninety-six.
And that's the VOA Special English Development Report,
written by Jerilyn Watson. I'm Steve Ember.