Welcome to AMERICAN MOSAIC in VOA Special English.
I’m Doug Johnson. This week:
We play music by Somali-born hip-hop artist
And answer a listener question about the nation’s
capital, Washington, D.C. ...
But first, we report about a record-breaking college
The National Collegiate Athletic Association men’s and
women’s basketball tournaments began Thursday.These games decide the national winners of college basketball. The University of Tennessee women’s
basketball team will attempt to win its ninth national championship. Last month, the team and its head coach, Pat
Summitt, celebrated a historic victory. Barbara Klein explains.
On February fifth, the University of Tennessee women’s
basketball team defeated the University of Georgia.It was a victory unlike any other. It was the one thousandth victory for
Tennessee head coach Pat Summitt.
She is the first
National Collegiate Athletic Association Division One coach in men’s or women’s
basketball to win one thousand games.
than sixteen thousand people gathered to watch the historic game. With forty seconds left in the game the crowd
stood and began shouting “One thousand!One thousand!”
Many people believe Pat Summitt’s winning record will
not be reached by another college basketball coach for a long time. Only two Division One basketball coaches have
had at least nine hundred wins. One is
Bob Knight, the former coach at Indiana University and Texas Tech University.
The other is former University of Texas women’s coach Jody Conradt. Both are retired, but Knight is considering a
return to coaching.
Summitt became head coach of the women’s basketball team at the University of
Tennessee in Knoxville in nineteen seventy-four. She was just twenty-two years old. She has coached there for thirty-five
that time she has built many successful teams and received many top coaching
awards and honors. She has led the
Tennessee Lady Vols to first place in eight N.C.A.A. national
championships. Many of her players have
gone on to play professionally.
Summitt has also had international victories. In nineteen eighty she was an assistant coach
on the United States Women’s Olympic basketball team. Four years later, as head coach of the
women’s Olympic team, she led the players to a gold medal win.
the first time in Pat Summitt’s career, the current Lady Vols team lacks
experience. That is because seven team members are first-year students. At the beginning of the season she joked
about whether the team could win the seventeen victories she needed to reach
one thousand wins. But after the historic
victory, she did what she is known for doing.
She thanked the team and many others for their part in her success.
PAT SUMMITT: "I’ve had great coaches and just
tremendous support along the way.
Tennessee said yes to women’s basketball long before it was a popular
thing to do. So I owe a lot to the
university and the people that made it happen."
Our listener question this week comes from Brazil. Reginaldo Anunciacao wants to know about
Washington, D.C., the capital city of the United States.
is not a large city. It is only about
one hundred fifty-five square kilometers. New York City is close to eight
hundred square kilometers. And, the
Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro is more than one thousand.
estimates from two thousand seven show more than five hundred eighty-eight
thousand people living within D.C. borders.The city’s population grew between two thousand and two thousand seven,
but not as fast as the country as a whole. The number of Washingtonians grew
about three percent during that period while the United States population
increased more than seven percent.
racial population in D.C. is about fifty-five percent black and thirty-nine
percent white. Just over seventeen
percent of Washingtonians live below what is considered the poverty level in
the United States. For a family of two, the poverty line begins at yearly
earnings of fourteen thousand dollars or less.
Monday, Washington, D.C., health officials reported shocking information about
H.I.V. infection in the city. They said
that at least three percent of residents are living with AIDS or the virus that
causes the disease. That percentage puts
the H.I.V. situation in Washington at an epidemic level. In fact, D.C. health officials say infection
rates in the nation’s capital are higher than in West Africa.
Washington, D.C., is like no other place in the United
States. It is not a state or part of a state. The D.C. stands for District of
Columbia, a federal district.
must pay federal taxes like other citizens.But they have no say in how that money is spent. This is because people
who live in Washington, D.C., have no voting representation in the United States
Congress. The city has a delegate to the House of Representatives who is not
permitted to vote. If you have ever
visited, you might have noticed the popular license plates on many D.C.
cars. They say “Taxation Without
fact, it was not until nineteen sixty-four that D.C. residents were even
permitted to vote in presidential elections.
Many Washingtonians and the city government are
fighting for D.C. statehood. Some are
working toward voting rights in Congress. Still others say the answer is to end
federal taxes for Washingtonians.
Late last month, the United States Senate passed a bill
to give D.C. a voting member in the House of Representatives. A House committee is now working on the
legislation. It is not known when it
might come to a vote in the full House.
Somali-born hip-hop artist K’naan recently performed at the Kennedy Center in
Washington, D.C.K’naan is traveling around
the world to get support for his second album, “Troubadour.” Faith Lapidus has
album was produced in Jamaica at the recording studio of the famous reggae
musician, Bob Marley. His son, Damian
Marley, sings with K’naan on the album. This
song, “America,” is a mixture of hip hop, reggae and African music.
lived in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, until nineteen ninety-one. He fled with his mother on the last public flight
out of the country before the overthrow of the government. Mother and son settled in New York City before
moving to Toronto, Canada. Many of
K’naan’s songs are influenced by his childhood in Mogadishu.
In "People Like Me" he sings about how he and
his cousin accidentally exploded a small bomb they found at school.
also writes songs about life in the United States and Canada. He once told a reporter he does not know
where home is. He said exile has its own
flag.We leave you now with K’naan
singing "Wavin’ Flag." This song
expresses how he feels living in exile.
I'm Doug Johnson. I hope you enjoyed our program today.
was written by Lawan Davis, Kim Varzi and Caty Weaver who was also the
Join us again next week for
AMERICAN MOSAIC, VOA’s radio magazine in Special English.