This is the VOA Special English Development Report.
get chikungunya fever when they are bitten by mosquitoes infected with the
disease. For many years, the disease
has been found in countries in Africa and Asia. The symptoms are increased body
temperature, pain in muscles and joints and stomach sickness.
The disease is not usually deadly. But the muscle and
joint pain can last for weeks or months. There is no vaccine to prevent the disease and no special drug to treat
it. Doctors advise taking medicines like
aspirin or ibuprofen.
name chikungunya means "that which bends up" in the Swahili language. People infected with the virus walk in a
bent-over position because of the severe pain in the joints.
Malaysia reported more than one thousand one hundred cases
of chikungunya so far this year. In
Indonesia, about two hundred people in central Java became sick from the virus
last month. And about one thousand people near Yeshwanthpur in India also showed
signs of the disease in March.
the disease also appeared in a cooler climate in two thousand seven, causing
concern about its spread. Italy reported about two hundred cases during
warm weather. The medical journal Eurosurveillance
Weekly said it was the first time mosquitoes carried the virus inside Europe.
kinds of mosquitoes carry chikungunya fever. One is called Aedes albopictus, or Asian tiger mosquito. It has been reported in many European
countries including France, Belgium, Spain and the Netherlands. It also lives in the southern United
States. The other mosquito that can
carry chikungunya, Aedes aegypti, also is present in the United States.
Powers is an expert on viruses. She
works for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Fort Collins,
Colorado. She said the disease spread is
not directly connected to climate change. But she also said C.D.C. scientists are preparing for possible cases of chikungunya
in the United States.
around the world can prevent diseases spread by mosquitoes by removing standing
water from their property. They should
try to keep mosquitoes out of their homes. And they should wear clothing that covers the arms
and legs when they are outside. DEET and
other chemicals that work against insects can keep mosquitoes from biting.
that's the VOA Special English Development Report, written by Jerilyn Watson.
I'm Steve Ember.
Correction: As a comment below points out, this report incorrectly describes "chikungunya" as a Swahili word. Kamusiproject.org says it "almost certainly derives from the Makonde language."