This is the VOA Special English Health Report.
If a person's heart stops, would you know how
to perform CPR? CPR, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, can save a life and reduce
the risk of brain damage from loss of oxygen.
traditional CPR, you give two breaths to force air into the lungs. Then you push
hard on the chest thirty times. You repeat these two steps until the victim
wakes up or medical help arrives.
people may worry about getting sick from blowing into a stranger's mouth. Also,
the training is easy to forget, especially during an emergency.
without training may not do anything for fear that they will do something
wrong. So in two thousand eight the American Heart Association
simplified its guidelines.
The group now calls for hands-only CPR for adults
who suddenly collapse. Here is how it works:
A person has collapsed unconscious
on the ground. The victim has lost color in the face and does not appear to be
breathing. These are signs of cardiac arrest. This is the time to begin CPR.
Place your hands,
one on top of the other, on the center of the chest. Push hard and fast. Aim
for a rate of about one hundred compressions each minute. Chest compressions
keep the blood flowing to the brain, heart and other organs.
Guidelines from two thousand five said only untrained
people should use hands-only CPR. Those with training were told to use
traditional CPR. But now the heart association says everyone should use
hands-only CPR unless they feel strong about their ability to do rescue
The guidelines were updated after three
studies showed that the hands-only method was just as effective as traditional
CPR. Scientists say enough oxygen remains in a person's system for several
minutes after breathing stops.
the experts say you should still use traditional CPR with a combination of
breaths and compressions on babies and children. Traditional CPR should also be
used for adults found already unconscious and not breathing normally. And
traditional CPR should be used for any victims of drowning or collapse from
These are all examples where CPR with
mouth-to-mouth breathing may be more helpful that hands-only CPR. Because there
are many of these cases, people should still learn CPR with mouth-to-mouth.
that's the VOA Special English Health Report. You can learn more at americanheart.org/cpr.
For a link, go to voaspecialenglish.com. I'm Steve Ember.