This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.
bill to place new restrictions on the credit card industry in the United States
won final approval this week in Congress. The measure went to President Obama
to sign into law with popular support, except among banks.
Credit card companies will have to inform cardholders
forty-five days before they raise interest rates or change other important
terms. The new act will also bar companies from raising rates on existing debts
unless payment is at least sixty days late.
companies will have to send out billing statements at least twenty-one days
before a payment is owed. They will have to tell how long and how much it would
take to pay off a card if the holder makes only the lowest monthly payment. And
they will have to write their cardholder agreements clearly and publish them online.
These changes, however, will not take effect for nine months.
President Obama recently said it was
time for credit card reform:
BARACK OBAMA: "Instead of an 'anything goes'
approach, we need strong and reliable protections for consumers. Instead of
fine print that hides the truth, we need credit card forms and statements that
have plain language in plain sight."
card companies say the changes will only reduce the availability of credit. These
come at a time of recession when banks are reporting billions in losses in
their credit card divisions.
The president of the American Bankers
Association says the legislation "changes the entire business model of
credit cards." Edward Yingling says it restricts the ability to price
credit for risk -- in other words, to charge more for those more likely not to
repay their debts.
Lots of people pay off their credit cards
in full each month to avoid finance charges. But industry experts say card
providers might now start charging new fees for all cardholders. And, they say,
companies could raise their interest rates.
Americans held nine hundred forty-six
billion dollars in credit card debt at the end of March. That was down from
last year, but still about twenty-five percent more than ten years ago.
Elizabeth Kiss is a personal finance specialist with
Purdue University in Indiana. She says the main value of the new credit card
act is that it "provides an opportunity for consumers to have more
But, she says, consumers have to make their own
informed decisions. In her words, "We need to know how using credit fits
into our plans and goals."
that's the VOA Special English Economics Report, written by Mario Ritter. I'm Steve Ember.