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China Moves to Sharply Limit Outside Internet Availability


FILE - Computer users sit near a monitor display with a message from the Chinese police on the proper use of the Internet at an Internet cafe in Beijing, China.

China has asked the country’s three top internet providers to prevent cell phone users from getting access to online material that it does not control.

Reports say the telecommunications companies China Mobile, China Unicom and China Telecom have been told about the policy. The goal appears to be to keep the companies from permitting access to content not approved by the government.

This month, the Chinese government reportedly shut down a popular virtual private network service, Green VPN.

Virtual private networks, or VPNs, permit users to send secure information over an open internet connection. They are popular ways for internet users in China to get access to internet content outside of China.

The move was seen as part of a government campaign to license only companies that it trusted.

However, China’s Ministry of Information has denied that it licensed the company, Chuanglian VPN, to sell its services.

It went on to note that, “The company involved has never received a telecommunications business license from either the Ministry of Information Industry or the Ministry of Communications.”

Efforts to control internet growing?

In January, China increased efforts to control the internet by banning unauthorized internet connections. Such connections can include those provided by VPNs. China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said the government has set a goal of doing this by the end of March according to the state-run Global Times.

Many Chinese internet users are able to use software and services to avoid Chinese government censorship of online material.

One blogger, known as “Zola,” who is a free-speech activist said it is not clear if all VPN activity will be banned from the beginning of February. Zola said the government could do this, but it would be costly to carry out such a ban.

“If the authorities really want to shut down all VPNs, so that only protocol ports it trusted were able to get online, and all the others were blocked…this would be very difficult, and it would cost a lot of money,” he said.

Zola doubted that the government would want to harm the economy by closing down VPNs completely.

Another internet user, who did not want to be named, said, “It seems as if everything’s going to get a whole lot stricter from Feb. 1 next year.” The user added, “This will affect our ability to visit overseas websites, because right now they can only be viewed with VPN.”

I’m Mario Ritter.

Ding Wenqi reported this story for Radio Free Asia. Mario Ritter adapted it for VOA Learning English. Hai Do was the editor.

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Words in This Story

access –v. to be able to get or use something

licensed –adj. to have official permission to do something

unauthorized –adj. not permitted by a group or government

censorship –n. to block or remove material such as writings, film, videos which are not approved by the government

protocol –n. the set of rules for sending information over the internet

ports –n. entry points for sending information over the internet

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