Leaders of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) on Monday said the growing influence of China was an important issue for the alliance.
In a final statement, NATO leaders described China’s growing military as “presenting challenges,” which some experts considered surprisingly strong language. The statement also described Russia as “a threat.”
U.S. President Joe Biden arrived at the 31st NATO leaders meeting in Brussels with an important goal. He said he wanted to get NATO allies to deal with problematic actions by China and Russia. He also said he wanted to win the trust of members of the 30-country alliance. “NATO stands together,” said Biden.
After arriving at NATO’s headquarters in Brussels, Biden spoke with NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg.
Biden has said he wants NATO members to speak out on issues of trade, defense and human rights that relate to China and Russia. The actions of those nations have become important foreign policy concerns for the Biden administration.
NATO members considered a new cyber defense policy. It would permit a country hit by a ransomware attack to work together with other members for their common defense. This comes after Russian-based hackers carried out a series of attacks targeting the U.S. government and worldwide businesses.
The update will mean that if an alliance member needs technological or intelligence support to fight a cyberattack, it would be able to call on Article 5 to receive assistance.
Article 5 of the alliance charter states that an attack on one member of NATO is an attack on all members.
Members also accepted a climate security action plan to reduce the release of gases linked to climate change from military activities.
Alliance members also accepted a commitment to strengthen NATO’s deterrence to meet threats from Russia and other places.
At a press event following the summit, Biden said that he will tell Russian President Vladimir Putin when they meet on Wednesday that he “will respond” to Russian aggression.
Biden also said that the possible death of Putin critic Alexei Navalny would be a “tragedy.” He said it would prove that Putin did not believe in human rights. Navalny is imprisoned in Russia and reported to be very sick.
Biden was also asked about the future of Ukraine and the possibility that it could join NATO in the future.
“They have to meet the criteria” Biden answered.
Biden called Article 5 “sacred” and added, “I want NATO to know America is there.”
I’m Mario Ritter, Jr.
The Associated Press reported this story. Susan Shand adapted it for Learning English. Mario Ritter, Jr. was the editor.
Words in This Story
challenge –n. a difficult task or problem
ransomware –n. a kind of attack in which online attackers infect the computer systems of organizations and hijack information in a way that leaves it unreadable
charter –n. a document that outlines important rules and requirements of a group
deterrence –n. the policy of developing a lot of military power so that other countries will not attack your country
criteria –n. (pl) characteristics used as reasons for making a judgment or decision
sacred –adj.. highly valued and important : deserving great respect
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