Road traffic crashes kill 1.25 million people each year worldwide.
But the World Health Organization (WHO) says they are preventable.
The report surveyed 180 countries, and it shows the number of annual deaths from traffic crashes is stabilizing. And that is good news as the number of motor vehicles grows worldwide.
But the data also show that road crashes are the No. 1 cause of death among young people aged 15 to 29.
Young adults around the world are the worst driving risks. Even in the U.S., drivers aged 15 to 24 account for about 30 percent of all driving-related accidents.
The WHO report also finds a big gap in road safety and deaths between poor and rich countries. Poor countries have only 54 percent of the world’s vehicles. But those countries have some of the worst safety statistics in the report.
“Africa has only two percent of the world’s vehicles, but has the highest death rate on the road." That is what Etienne Krug, the head of the WHO Department of Non-communicable Diseases, says.
Sweden, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom are leaders in preventing traffic deaths. The highest death rates are in Africa and the Middle East.
Stronger road safety laws and stricter vehicle safety requirements in developing countries would prevent many accidents.
Legislation can quickly influence driving behavior. In only three years, 17 countries became safer by implementing tougher road safety laws.
Some of those laws include banning drunk driving, requiring cyclists and motorcycle drivers to wear helmets and making safety belts mandatory in all vehicles.
There are other ways to make roads safer. Good trauma care after a crash can cut the number of deaths from road injuries in half.
The statistics are part of the “Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015,” launched on Monday in Geneva.
I’m Mario Ritter.
Lisa Schlein reported on this story for VOANews.com. Dan Friedell adapted this story for Learning English. Kathleen Struck was the editor.
Words in This Story
trauma – n. a serious injury to a person's body
helmet – n. a hard hat that is worn to protect your head
traffic – n. all the vehicles driving along a certain road or in a certain area
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