International trade is likely to be, again, a main issue for political and business leaders at the World Economic Forum meeting in Davos, Switzerland.
American President Donald Trump plans to attend the meeting in Davos this week. He is the closing speaker at the meeting.
An administration spokeswoman said the president would seek to “promote his policies to strengthen American businesses, American industries and American workers.”
Trump is expected defend his administration’s trade measures.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave this year’s keynote speech.
The India leader said his country’s economy would more than double in size by the year 2025 while fighting climate change.
Trade measures a main concern
China is sending a delegation of more than 130 people including a top economic advisor Liu He. Last year, Chinese President Xi Jinping attended. He warned against protectionism and trade disputes.
At the time, Xi said that “a trade war will only lead to suffering on both sides.”
Tao Ran is an economist at the Brookings Institution, a research group in Washington. He said China’s Liu will seek to get the U.S. to limit trade actions against his country.
“I think what Liu He will do is (try) to persuade the U.S. from imposing more trade actions against China,” he said.
Recently, the U.S. has drawn criticism for the decision to place taxes on imported washing machines and solar panels. The move largely affects South Korea and China.
The move follows a finding by the U.S. International Trade Commission. Trade officials said that those imported products were a “cause of serious injury to domestic manufacturers.”
The U.S. is seeking to place a 20 percent tax on imported washing machines in the first year.
South Korea says the import taxes violate World Trade Organization rules. South Korean companies Samsung and LG would be hard hit by the import taxes on washers.
A 30 percent tax on imported solar cells is also being sought. China is a major manufacturer of solar equipment.
The import taxes on both kinds of products are planned to decrease in the second and third years.
Indian leader warns of threats to globalization
India’s Prime Minister Modi praised his country’s fast economic growth.
India has one of the world’s fastest growing economies. It is the world’s largest democracy and currently the second most populated country.
Modi said India would greatly increase its use of renewable energy to reduce the effects of climate change.
But Modi said he also was concerned about moves to increase barriers to trade that threatened globalization. He added that, “the solution to this worrisome situation against globalization is not isolation.”
In his speech, the Indian leader called climate change a major threat. He added that developed countries needed to provide developing nations, like his own, with more money for new technologies.
The World Economic Forum, a Swiss nonprofit organization, holds its main yearly meeting each January.
I'm Mario Ritter.
Bill Ide reported this story for VOA News. Mario Ritter adapted it for VOA Learning English with additional materials from Victor Beattie, AP and Reuters. Caty Weaver was the editor.
Words in This Story
keynote –adj. a main speech given at a gathering usually at the beginning
protectionism –n. helping businesses of one’s own country by placing trade barriers on products from other countries
impose –v. to cause something to affect a person, group or process
solar panels –n. devices that change sunlight into electricity
domestic –adj. in one’s home country
globalization –n. to cause trade and other social issues to involve the whole world
isolation –n. the state of being separated from others
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