The United States is accusing authoritarian governments around the world of severe human rights “violations and abuses.”
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo spoke this week at the release of the 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. He told reporters, "Experience teaches that government officials who oppress… are also responsible for creating social environments… that encourage corruption, violent conflict, and terrorism."
The U.S. report examines the Iranian government’s reaction to widespread protests that began last November after an increase in fuel prices.
Iranian security forces killed nearly 1,500 people and detained 8,600 others, reported international media at the time.
There is no evidence that government agencies were seeking independent or impartial investigations into protester deaths, the report said.
The government "blocked almost all international and local internet connections for most of a week,” the U.S. report noted.
The report provides an ugly picture of conditions in Iran. It described executions for crimes that failed to meet international legal standards and without fair trials of individuals.
The State Department said Iranian officials were responsible for human rights abuses in Syria, Iraq and Yemen. It criticized Iran’s military support for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and pro-Iran militia groups.
The U.S. human rights report also looked at China and its mass detention of members of Muslim minority groups in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region.
China “is imprisoning religious minorities in internment camps, part of its historic antipathy to religious believers," Pompeo told reporters in Washington.
The U.S. report says Chinese officials reportedly have detained "more than one million” Muslims in efforts to remove “religious and ethnic identities.”
The report said that human rights in China include unlawful killings, forced disappearances, and detention by the government. It noted “life-threatening prison and detention conditions; physical attacks on and criminal prosecution of journalists, lawyers, writers…and others as well as their family members. And it noted China’s forcible return of asylum-seekers to North Korea.”
The U.S. report expressed concerns about the openness of the Saudi government about the 2018 killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi by Saudi officials in Turkey. However, the report did not detail the observations of U.S. embassy officials who attended the suspects’ trial in Saudi Arabia.
"The murder of Jamal Khashoggi was an unacceptable crime. We have spoken with the Saudi leadership from the king down about our concerns. The position that we have taken hasn't changed," said assistant Secretary of State Robert Destro.
The U.S. report said the Saudi government, in several cases, did not punish officials accused of human rights abuses, which created an environment of lawlessness.
On Venezuela, the State Department report noted restrictions on political participation and a lack of free speech.
A single party has held political power for more than 10 years, the report said. It added that the party has “an authoritarian executive exercising…control over the judicial, citizens' power, and electoral branches of government."
The reelection of Nicolas Maduro as Venezuela’s president was “neither free nor fair,” the U.S. report said. It also pointed to issues of unlawful killings and torture by security forces, disappearances, detention, political prisoners, a corrupt judiciary as well as restrictions on freedom of speech.
I’m Jonathan Evans.
VOA’s Nike Ching reported this story. Susan Shand adapted it for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.
Words In This Story
authoritarian – adj. an oppressive way of behaving
encourage – v. to add to happiness
impartial – adj. treating both sides the same
standard – n. the regular normal
antipathy – n. a strong dislike
prosecution – n. this who represent the state or the courts in a trial
journalist – n. one who seeks out information for newspapers, radio and television
king – n. a male who inherits his rule of a country
participation – n. to join in with others
judicial - adj. regarding the law or the court system