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Venezuelan President Wins Second Six-Year Term


Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro and his wife Cilia Flores wave to supporters at the presidential palace in Caracas, Venezuela, Sunday, May 20, 2018. (AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos)
Venezuelan President Wins Second Six-Year Term
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Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro won re-election in a disputed vote on Sunday.

The result led his main political opponents to call for another vote to prevent a national crisis.

Venezuela’s National Election Council announced that Maduro won nearly 68 percent of the votes Sunday. It said he defeated Henri Falcon by more than 40 points.

Falcon accused the Maduro government of buying votes and dirty tricks to increase the number of poor Venezuelans voting. Falcon refused to recognize the results, and said the election “lacks legitimacy.” Falcon told supporters that he will fight on instead of joining others in exile.

Third-place finisher Javier Bertucci agreed on the need for new elections. Venezuelan officials say Bertucci won around 11 percent of the vote. He urged the president against being a candidate in a re-vote. Bertucci warned that if Maduro pressed forward, Venezuela would explode before his new six-year term begins in January.

Venezuelan expats are joined by Nicaraguans, Bolivians and others during a protest calling for freedom and democracy in Venezuela, in front of the building of the Organization of American States, in Washington, May 20, 2018.
Venezuelan expats are joined by Nicaraguans, Bolivians and others during a protest calling for freedom and democracy in Venezuela, in front of the building of the Organization of American States, in Washington, May 20, 2018.

International pressures

Maduro’s disputed victory is likely to raise international pressure on the Venezuelan leader. On Monday, the United States government announced economic sanctions to punish Venezuela for what officials called its “fraudulent” election. President Donald Trump signed an order that bars Americans from dealing with Venezuela’s oil industry.

The European Union and some Latin American countries also warned that the presidential election was not fair.

Chilean president Sebastian Pinera, said, “Venezuela’s elections do not meet minimum standards of true democracy.” He added that, “Chile does not recognize these elections.” Panama’s government also said it would not recognize the results.

But Cuba and El Salvador, two allies of Venezuela, sent their congratulations on the vote.

FILE - People search through the garbage on a street in Caracas, Venezuela, Nov. 30, 2016. As the economy suffers for a third year, some Venezuelans are forced to forage for food.
FILE - People search through the garbage on a street in Caracas, Venezuela, Nov. 30, 2016. As the economy suffers for a third year, some Venezuelans are forced to forage for food.

Venezuela’s economic crisis

Maduro called for discussions with his defeated opponents, but he showed no sign of wanting new elections. He told supporters, “It doesn’t faze me when they say I’m a dictator.”

The Venezuelan leader promised to repair an economy he says has been damaged by Colombia and the U.S.

In the past two years, more than 1 million Venezuelans have fled to neighboring countries as the value of the national currency dropped.

Venezuela’s oil production — the source of almost all of its overseas earnings — has collapsed to its lowest level. And U.S. government sanctions have made it impossible for Venezuela to renegotiate its debts.

I'm Jonathan Evans.

The Associated Press reported this story. Hai Do adapted the report for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

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Words in This Story

legitimacy – n. the state of being lawful or rightful

sanction – n. a measure designed to punish a nation for violating international law

fraudulent - adj. done to trick someone with the goal of getting something valuable

minimum – adj. the lowest level or amount permitted

standard – n. a measure or level of quality

faze – v. to make someone feel afraid or worried

currency – n. paper money; money that a country uses

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