Now, from VOA Learning English, it's time for Words and Their Stories.
On this program you can learn English expressions that Americans use in conversation.
Today we are going to talk about the fabric we wear on our bodies. In other words, our clothes, right?
Well, yes and no. The word “clothes” is only part of a much larger story. American English has many more specific – and more colorful – terms related to these everyday items.
For example, let’s say you carefully select the clothes you plan on wearing to work or a party. Sure, those are your clothes. But it would be better to call it an outfit. The word outfit means there was some planning involved. In fact, when we compliment people on what they are wearing, we usually say, "Hey, I really like your outfit." We probably would not say, "Hey, I really like your clothes!" It just sounds a little odd.
Our wardrobe also has a sense of planning. A wardrobe is a collection of clothing. It is all the clothing a person owns. If I know a man or woman who always looks sharp, I could say, “That person has an amazing wardrobe! Every item of clothing is gorgeous and fits perfectly!”
Now, even the nicest outfit in the nicest wardrobe collects dirt and wrinkles. Then that outfit becomes dirty clothes. But why use that ordinary term when you can call it laundry! Laundry, very simply, is any fabric -- clothes, linens, towels, sheets and blankets -- that we need to wash.
Some people have a laundry room, an area in their house or apartment with a washer and dryer. People who don't have a washer and dryer in their homes can go to the laundromat.
Now, if you’re like me, doing your laundry can be one item on your laundry list of things to do on the weekend. Often, my Saturday morning begins with a couple loads of laundry. And I don't mind. It relaxes me to do laundry.
Now, a “laundry list” is not a list of the things you need to wash. It is very long list of related things. For example, if you have many small tasks to finish at work, you can say you have a laundry list of projects.
Here's another example: "At the parent-teacher meeting, the principal gave a terrible speech. It was just a laundry list of what the school staff had not done right."
Whether you do your laundry at home, at a laundromat or have a professional do it for you, we all have dirty laundry -- in more ways than one!
In conversation, dirty laundry is much more than soiled shirts and jeans. The expression “dirty laundry” means all those embarrassing things we don't want others to know about us or our families.
We often use this expression as a warning. For example, if your mother catches telling your friend about your family, she may say, “Don't air our dirty laundry! Nobody needs to know every sordid detail about our family!"
Now, let's hear these expressions used in a conversation. These two friends are roommates in a medium-sized apartment building. It’s Sunday morning and they are doing their laundry.
Kendra, that is such a cute outfit you’re wearing!
Thanks, Karen! I just updated my wardrobe and got rid of everything that didn’t fit or just didn’t look good on me.
I need to do that. Most of my clothes are too small. Oh, Kendra, I forgot to tell you something that happened yesterday.
You know Raphael and Maya, right?
You’re kidding, right? Of course, I know them. They're the loud couple who live upstairs from us and fight all the time.
That’s them. Well, yesterday they had a huge fight in the basement laundry room!
Right here in the basement laundry room?
Oh yeah! And it was Saturday morning. So, half the apartment building was down here doing their laundry.
What did they fight about?
Well, Maya found a woman’s shirt in their laundry that was not hers. So, she accused Raphael of cheating on her! He, of course, denied it. But then she gave him a laundry list of women he's been secretly seeing .
Well, not so secretly, if Maya knew about them.
That sounds so embarrassing! It's not good to air your dirty laundry in public like that. They should have had their fight in the privacy of their own apartment.
I totally agree. That way, only you and I would have heard it.
Exactly. Can you hand me the laundry powder?
And that's it for Words and Their Stories, a show where we teach common expressions in American English and where we don't air any dirty laundry!
I'm Anna Matteo.
“Dirty little secrets, dirty little lies. We got our dirty little fingers in everybody’s pie. Love to cut you down to size, we love dirty laundry …”
Anna Matteo wrote this story for VOA Learning English. Kelly Jean Kelly was the editor. The song at the end is Don Henley singing "Dirty Laundry."
Words in This Story
specific – adj. relating to a particular person, situation, etc.
outfit – n. a set of clothes that are worn together
wardrobe – n. a collection of wearing apparel (as of one person or for one activity) a summer wardrobe
sharp – adj. stylish a sharp outfit
laundry – n. a room for doing the family wash : clothes or linens that have been or are to be laundered
laundromat – n. a self-service laundry —formerly a U.S. registered trademark
soil – v. to make or become dirty to make unclean especially superficially : dirty : soiled – adj.
embarrassing – adj. causing a feeling of self-conscious confusion and distress
sordid – adj. very bad or dishonest
deny – v. to say that something is not true