The United Nations reports that deaths and injuries from the conflict in Ukraine have been rising in recent months.
The conflict has now entered its fourth year. Russian-supported separatists in eastern Ukraine are fighting forces loyal to Ukraine’s central government.
This week, the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights released a report on the situation.
U.N. investigators noted evidence of 193 conflict-related casualties among civilians from the middle of February to the middle of May 2017. The report says the number includes 36 deaths.
“This is a 48 percent increase over the last reporting period,” said High Commissioner Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein. He spoke to the U.N. Human Rights Council Wednesday.
Zeid noted that, “The majority of these casualties resulted from shelling, explosive devices and remnants of war.”
U.N. officials estimate that about 10,000 people have been killed and more than 23,500 injured since the fighting started.
Sergiy Kyslytsya, deputy minister for foreign affairs for Ukraine, confirmed the findings of the report. It noted "continuous inflow of foreign fighters and supply of ammunition and heavy weaponry from the Russian Federation into parts of Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine.”
The minister added that while these activities continue, there is “no end to the conflict in sight.”
Peace efforts have failed
Ukraine, Russia and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe signed an agreement to end the fighting in September 2014. But this deal and other peace efforts have failed to end the violence.
The U.N. reports hospitals and schools in eastern Ukraine have been damaged by repeated shelling. It said shells hit the Donetsk Filtration Station and the South Donbas pumping station first, “endangering safe water supply to more than one million people on both sides of the contact line.”
Zeid said that both sides of the conflict were to blame for human rights violations. He added that his team has documented cases of unlawful and arbitrary detention on both sides of the contact line.
He noted reports of “almost systemic use of torture and ill-treatment by the Security Service of Ukraine.” Investigators were told the security service used such methods to force conflict-related detainees into making statements against their will.
Zeid said that efforts to investigate claims by victims often failed.
Sanctions to continue
The United States and European Union took steps to answer Russia’s takeover of the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine three years ago. The U.S. government and EU ordered sanctions to punish Russian businesses and individuals.
In a meeting with Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko Tuesday, U.S. President Donald Trump said he has no plans to end the sanctions.
After the report’s release, Russia expressed concerns about new cases of arbitrary and illegal detention. It also criticized the use of torture by Ukrainian security forces “to obtain confessions in the Donbass region.”
Ukraine’s Deputy Foreign Minister said the only way to improve human rights in the area is “through full consolidation of the international community” and pressure on Russia.
I’m Jonathan Evans.
Lisa Schlein reported on this story for VOANews.com. George Grow adapted her report for Learning English. Hai Do was the editor.
Words in This Story
casualty – n. someone who is killed or hurt in an accident or conflict
remnant – n. usually a small part of piece of something
sanction – n. an action taken by one country to make another country follow a rule or law
arbitrary – adj. existing or coming about by chance
confession – n. the act of admitting something
consolidation – n. the process of uniting
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