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IBM Ends Facial Recognition, Questions Police Use of Technology


In this Thursday, Oct. 17, 2019 photo, a video surveillance camera hangs on a pole outside City Hall in Springfield, Mass. (AP Photo/Matt O'Brien)
IBM Ends Facial Recognition, Questions Police Use of the Technology
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America's IBM has ended its facial recognition business and raised concerns about how police forces might be using the technology.

IBM and other major technology companies have been developing facial recognition systems using machine learning methods and artificial intelligence, or AI.

Facial recognition systems are designed to identify individuals in photo databases or from video surveillance.

Facial recognition accuracy has greatly improved in recent years. The technology is used by police in several major cities and by some U.S. government agencies. Privacy groups and civil rights activists have criticized such use of the technology.

Several studies have shown the technology can have difficulties correctly guessing a person’s race or sex. Critics say such failures could violate a person’s civil rights. Activists have also warned that facial recognition systems could be used for mass surveillance of citizens.

In this photo taken Tuesday, May 7, 2019, is a security camera in the Financial District of San Francisco. (AP Photo/Eric Risberg)
In this photo taken Tuesday, May 7, 2019, is a security camera in the Financial District of San Francisco. (AP Photo/Eric Risberg)

IBM’s CEO, Arvind Krishna, announced his company’s decision on Monday in a letter to U.S. lawmakers. He said IBM would stop offering facial recognition software and end all research and development of the technology.

Krishna said IBM strongly opposes the use of any facial recognition technology to be used for “mass surveillance, racial profiling” or “violations of basic human rights and freedoms.”

Krishna wrote that responsible use of the technology “can increase transparency and help police protect communities.” But he added, it “must not promote discrimination or racial injustice.”

Ongoing protests across the United States have raised new questions about racial injustice and the use of technology by police to carry out surveillance on demonstrators and American neighborhoods.

The protests, which started after the death of George Floyd, have centered on police violence and racial inequality in America.

Demonstrators protest, Thursday, June 4, 2020, near the White House in Washington, over the death of George Floyd, a black man who was in police custody in Minneapolis. Floyd died after being restrained by Minneapolis police officers. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci
Demonstrators protest, Thursday, June 4, 2020, near the White House in Washington, over the death of George Floyd, a black man who was in police custody in Minneapolis. Floyd died after being restrained by Minneapolis police officers. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci

Floyd, a 46-year-old black man, died on May 25 after a white police officer in Minneapolis, Minnesota, kneeled on Floyd's neck for nearly nine minutes. The incident was caught on video.

Krishna wrote this week, “We believe now is the time to begin a national dialogue on whether and how facial recognition technology should be employed by domestic law enforcement agencies.”

In the past, IBM had tested its facial recognition software with the New York Police Department.

Krishna sent his letter to a group of Democratic congressmen who have been working on police reform legislation fueled by the mass protests over Floyd’s death. The reform bill could include restrictions on police use of facial recognition technology.

Microsoft and Amazon have also developed facial recognition systems. However, Microsoft has joined critics in calling for restrictions on the use of the technology by government agencies.

FILE - Brad Smith of Microsoft takes part in a panel discussion "Cyber, big data and new technologies. Current Internet Governance Challenges: What's Next?" at the United Nations in Geneva, Nov. 9, 2017.
FILE - Brad Smith of Microsoft takes part in a panel discussion "Cyber, big data and new technologies. Current Internet Governance Challenges: What's Next?" at the United Nations in Geneva, Nov. 9, 2017.

In March, Microsoft president Brad Smith praised Washington state for passing a law to regulate the technology. The law requires testing and transparency measures and provides safeguards aimed at upholding civil liberties, Smith said.

Clare Garvie is a researcher at Georgetown University’s Center on Privacy and Technology in Washington, D.C. She told The Associated Press that many U.S. law enforcement agencies use facial recognition software built by lesser-known companies. These include Japan-based NEC and European companies Idemia and Cognitec.

A smaller number of law enforcement agencies have partnered with Amazon, which has received strong criticism from privacy activists since it introduced its Rekognition software in 2016.

I’m Bryan Lynn.

Bryan Lynn wrote this story for VOA Learning English, based on reports from The Associated Press, Reuters, IBM and Microsoft. Ashley Thompson was the editor.

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Words in This Story

artificial intelligence – n. the power of a machine to copy intelligent human behavior

surveillance n. the activity of watching people carefully, often secretly, especially by an army or police force

accuracy n. how correct or exact something is

racial profilingn. to form an opinion about a person based on their skin color or ethnic background

transparencyn. openness

kneel v. to put one or both knees on the ground

dialoguen. a formal discussion

domestic adj. inside one country and not international

regulatev. to make rules or laws that control something

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