Download Lesson 15
Anna: Penelope, even though we both love speed walking, could we slow down a bit?
Penelope: No way! I think because I’m walking with you, I’m walking faster.
Anna: Come on, Penelope. Let's take a break. We've been speed walking since 8 a.m.! You're so competitive! You even wore your medals!
Penelope: You brought your trophies! You’re out of shape. When we were little girls, we could speed walk all day! (pulls ahead)
Anna: (chases her) Hey, wait for me! Hey, you know the speed walking rules! If both feet leave the ground, it’s running! You ran!
Prof. Bot: Anna and Penelope are doing something they both love - speed walking!
They are also using adverb clauses.
Adverb clauses tell us when, why, how, where and under what conditions.
For example, "since 8 a.m." tells us when.
Adverb clauses are dependent clauses and need an independent clause to make a complete sentence.
Words like before, after, when, because, since, if and even though can signal an adverb clause.
Keep watching for more adverb clauses!
Penelope: Whew! That was great!
Anna: (Anna catches up) Wow, Penelope, you’re still really fast! Since I’ve been working in an office, my speed walking has been much slower.
Penelope: You are slower, Anna. Maybe you should hire a personal trainer.
Anna: That will be great. As long as the trainer understands speed walking.
Penelope: (hands her a business card) Try this company. After you fill out an online application, they will match you to the perfect trainer.
Anna: As soon as I get home tonight, I’ll do it! Thanks.
Anna: Are you my trainer?
Alaskan Albert: If you’re Anna, then I’m your trainer -- Alaskan Albert. Because I’m from Alaskan wilderness, I’m skilled in all outdoor activities of the wild.
Anna: That’s great but what about speed walking?
Alaskan Albert: Speed walking? That's funny! Since I’ve been living in the city, I’ve combined wilderness training with a city workout. I call it “Call of the Wild Parkour!” (He howls like a wolf.)
Anna: Okay … but seriously, when do we speed walk?
Alaskan Albert: Your application did not say how funny you are!
Anna: No. But it did say that I'm a speed walker! Did you read it? Forget it. We'll have to cancel.
Alaskan Albert: Why?
Anna: We can't train today because it's too cold and too windy.
Alaskan Albert: No way! No pain, no gain! When you exercise in really cold weather, you feel alive!
Anna: Really? Because right now I just feel cold.
Alaskan Albert: You're so funny. But seriously, after our training, you will be ready for any extreme physical challenge. Let's get started!
(He leads Anna through some parkour exercises.)
Alaskan Albert: Anna, even though you’re trying really hard, you’re really bad at Call of the Wild Parkour. (he howls)
Anna: I'm bad at Call of the Wild Parkour because I don’t want to do Call of the Wild Parkour! (she howls) I am a speed walker. It’s what I do. It’s part of who I am.
Alaskan Albert: Why didn’t you say something?
Anna: I did. Several times! You thought I was joking.
Alaskan Albert: Now I understand. Anna, I can help you., if you follow my advice, I'll put the speed back in your speed walk.
(He shows her how to improve her speed walking)
Alaskan Albert: Go, Anna, go!
Prof. Bot: For more about adverb clauses, visit our website!
See how well you understand this lesson by taking a listening quiz. Play each short video, then choose the best answer.
Download the VOA Learning English Word Book for a dictionary of the words we use on this website.