Spring is lovely time of year in the United States. It is a time of growth and movement. Trees flower and birds sing.
In a celebration of spring, this week’s Everyday Grammar will explore phrasal verbs with the word “spring.” You will learn about the similarities and differences between “spring from,” “spring on,” and “spring up.”
Spring as a noun
Spring is a season and a noun with several different meanings. But spring is also a verb. It means to move suddenly or quickly to a different position.
This idea is important as we explore phrasal verbs with “spring” in them.
Before we begin, a word about phrasal verbs. Phrasal verbs have a verb and one or more short words linked to it. The verb and short word (or words) act together to take on a new meaning. They mean something different from what the individual words suggest.
So, spring, a verb, has a different meaning in the phrasal verb form “spring from.” What does “spring from” mean? Let’s find out.
The phrasal verb "spring from" is often followed by a noun. We say something sprang from something - when talking about the past.
"Spring from" means to start from or to be caused by something.
Imagine you hear a discussion with a famous musician. The musician might describe how he or she got the idea for a song:
The song sprang from a childhood memory.
The meaning is that the childhood memory started or caused the idea for the song.
Now, let's consider the phrasal verb "spring on."
Americans generally use the structure spring (something) on (someone).
It means to surprise a person with something, such as a request, decision or announcement.
Imagine you hear two workers talking after a business meeting. One worker might say to the other:
I can’t believe how the client sprang that bad news on us!
The worker means that the client surprised the business with a sudden announcement.
Our final phrasal verb is “spring up.” Spring up means to grow or appear suddenly.
It can have a close connection to spring, the season.
For example, you could say that in spring, flowers spring up overnight.
But many other kinds of things can spring up – problems, disagreements, weeds, and so on. So both problems and good things can spring up!
All about change
You may have noticed that our phrasal verbs – and the noun spring, the season – carry or suggest the idea of a beginning, growth, movement or change.
The next time you are learning new vocabulary – try to make connections between the meanings of different terms.
You can think of these words as branches on a tree. While the branches stand out on their own, they are connected to the main part of the tree, the trunk. You can think of the trunk as a central idea or theme.
In the same way, vocabulary words have different meanings, but they often have connections to a main idea.
Over time, your vocabulary will grow - just like a tree over the years.
And with hard work, you will be able to use your growing vocabulary when different speaking opportunities "spring up."
I’m John Russell.
John Russell wrote this Everyday Grammar for VOA Learning English. Mario Ritter, Jr. was the editor.
Words in This Story
weed – n. : a plant that grows very quickly where it is not wanted and covers or kills more desirable plants
client –n. a person who pays a professional person or organization for services
vocabulary – n. all of the words known and used by a person
branch – n. a part of a tree that grows out from the trunk
theme – n. the particular subject or idea on which the style of something is based ; the main subject that is being discussed or described in a piece of writing, a movie, etc.
opportunity – n. an amount of time or a situation in which something can be done