Accessibility links

Western Schools Lead Reuters List of World's Top 100 Universities


FILE - Students walk on campus at Stanford University Wednesday, Jan. 13, 2016, in Stanford, Calif. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez)

Western countries again top Reuters’ yearly list of the World’s Most Innovative Universities. The media group ranks educational centers based on scientific gains, invention of new technologies and success in new markets and industries.

Reuters says Asian countries will definitely be a powerful force in the future world economy. But, it says Western countries still produce the most influential research leading to the most useful technologies.

This year’s top 100

Stanford University is number one on Reuters’ list for the third straight year. The private school is found in the heart of California’s Silicon Valley, and not by chance. The university played a big part in creating the area. Stanford is known for leading technology development, especially related to the internet.

It was a Stanford professor who designed the internet’s basic communication system. In addition, former Stanford students have founded some of the biggest tech companies in the world, including Google, Intel, Hewlett-Packard and Netflix.

Other results from this year’s list

The top ten on the list is much the same as last year. Nine universities return to the highest positions. Most are large, well-established universities located in the United States.

The second and third highest-ranked schools are MIT and Harvard. Like Stanford, they have also held the same ranking for the past three years. In fourth place is the University of Pennsylvania, which climbed four spots from number eight last year.

Two of the top ten are outside the U.S. Belgium’s KU Leuven comes at number five. The almost 600-year-old university is one of the largest independent research and development organizations on the planet.

A South Korean university, KAIST, comes next. The South Korean government established the school in 1971. Officials modeled KAIST after engineering schools in the United States. Most classes are taught in English. And, the United States Agency for International Development provided a multimillion-dollar loan to help get KAIST started.

The top 100 positions on the list are filled by 51 universities in North America, 26 in Europe, 20 in Asia and three in the Middle East.

FILE - Then- President Lee Myung-bak looks at an electric vehicle while its test driving at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology or KAIST in Daejeon, South Korea, Friday, Feb. 27, 2009.
FILE - Then- President Lee Myung-bak looks at an electric vehicle while its test driving at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology or KAIST in Daejeon, South Korea, Friday, Feb. 27, 2009.

The fall and rise of Asian institutions

Why are there so few Asian universities on the list? One reason is because Japanese universities, traditionally the strongest research schools in Asia, depend heavily on government support. Japan’s economic growth has slowed over the last 20 years, providing less money for research as a result.

The index service Web of Science found a recent drop in publication of Japanese research. The organization says Japanese researchers were responsible for 8.4% of all scientific papers published in 2005. In 2015, the percentage had dropped to 5.2%.

Reuters’ 2017 rankings reflect that decline in research and development. The University of Tokyo, for example, fell five places to number 21 on the list. Osaka University is now number 24. Last year it was 11th. And, Keio University went from 53rd in 2016 to 78th this year.

Kyushu University, at 68th place, was Japan’s only school to rise on the list. Last year, it ranked 79th.

China’s representation on the list has grown. In 2015, only one Chinese university was ranked. Last year, two made it. Now there are three.

The two Chinese universities returning to the list also saw their positions rise. Tsinghua University climbed 15 spots to number 51 and Peking University went from 70th to 60th.

Zhejiang University appears on the list for the first time at number 100.

FILE - Former California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger poses for a group photo with students during a visit to Tsinghua University in Beijing Wednesday Nov. 16, 2005.
FILE - Former California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger poses for a group photo with students during a visit to Tsinghua University in Beijing Wednesday Nov. 16, 2005.

Creating the list

The 100 schools were chosen after examining each candidate on different metrics, including academic papers and patent filings. They were ranked based on their performance.

The ranking system groups all departments in a university together. This means extremely innovative individual departments or programs could be overlooked. And, remember, even the lowest ranked university on Reuters is a member of a highly exclusive group.

I’m Phil Dierking.

David Ewalt wrote this story for Reuters. Phil Dierking adapted this story for VOA Learning English. Mario Ritter was the editor.

Are any universities from your country on this list? We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

academia - n. the life, community, or world of teachers, schools, and education​

data - n. facts or information used usually to calculate, analyze, or plan something​

innovate - v. to do something in a new way ​

metrics - n. a method of measuring something or the results from the method

patent - n. an official document that gives a person or company the right to be the only one that makes or sells a product for a certain period of time​

Your opinion

Show comments

XS
SM
MD
LG